Electronic Structure and the Superconducting Gap of Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ

  • Z.-X. Shen
  • D. S. Dessau
  • B. O. Wells


During the last several years, extensive photoemission studies have been performed on the cuprate superconductors1. These studies revealed, among other things, details near the Fermi level which are sensitive to the shape of the Fermi surface, the highly correlated nature of these oxides, as well as the superconducting gap states. These are arguably the most fundamental questions raised by the novel oxide superconductors. Most of the angle-resolved photoemission efforts were concentrated on Bi2Sr2CaCu2O8+δ (referred as Bi2212 in the rest of the paper) because of its superior material properties (stability in vacuum and ability to cleave)2–4. In this short paper, we give a brief summary of the experimental work on Bi2212 involving the Stanford group in collaboration with groups from Los Alamos, Ames and IBM. We intend to make this paper a “road map” so that the readers can get a general picture of our results, and can find more detailed information about specific issues in the references listed.


Fermi Surface Spectral Weight Interlayer Coupling Doping Behavior Normal State Property 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    See, for example, P.A.P. Lindberg, Z.-X. Shen, I. Lindau, W.E. Spicer, Surface Science Reports, Vol. 11, 1–138 (1990), and references thereinADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    T. Takahashi, H. Matsuyama, H. Katayama-Yoshida, Y. Okabe, S. Hosoya, K. Seki, H. Fujimoto, M. Sato, and H. Inokuchi, Nature 334, 691 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    C.G. Olson, R. Liu, D.W. Lynch, R.S. List, A.J. Arko, B.W. Veal, Y.C. Chang, P.Z. Jiang, and A.P. Paulikas, Phys. Rev. B 42, 381 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. C.G. Olson, R. Liu, A.-B. Yang, D.W. Lynch, A.J. Arko, R.S. List, B.W. Veal, Y.C. Chang, P.Z. Jiang, and A.P. Paulikas, Science 245, 731 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 4.
    R. Manzke, T. Buslaps, R. Claessen, and J. Fink, Europhysics Lett. 9, 477 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 5.
    M. Onellion, M. Tang, Y. Chang, G. Margaritondo, J.M. Tarascon, P.A. Morris, W.A. Bonner, and N.G. Stoffel, Phys. Rev. B 38, 881 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 6.
    Z.-X. Shen, P.A.P. Lindberg, I. Lindau, W.E. Spicer, C.B. Eom, and T.H. Geballe, Phys. Rev. B38, 7152 (1988)ADSGoogle Scholar
  8. 7.
    Göran Wendin, J. Phys. (Paris), Collog. 48, C9–1157 (1987), and references thereinGoogle Scholar
  9. 8.
    P.A.P. Lindberg, Z.-X. Shen, B.O. Wells, D.S. Dessau, D.B. Mitzi, I. Lindau, W.E. Spicer, and A.Kapitulnik, Phys. Rev. B 39, 2890 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 9.
    P.A.P. Lindberg, Z.-X. Shen, B.O. Wells, D. Mitzi, I. Lindau, W.E. Spicer, A. Kapitulnik, Appl. Phys. Lett. 53, 2563 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 10.
    M.D. Kirk, J. Nogami, A.A. Baski, D.B. Mitzi, A. Kapitulnik, T.H. Geballe, and C.F. Quate, Science 242, 1673 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. 11.
    B.O. Wells, D.S. Dessau, W.E. Spicer, C.G. Olson, D.B. Mitzi, A. Kapitulnik, R.S. List, and A.J. Arko, Phys. Rev. Lett., 65, 3056 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 12.
    S. Massidda, J. Yu, and A.J. Freeman, Physica C 52, 251(1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 13.
    Z.-X. Shen et al., preprintGoogle Scholar
  15. 14.
    D.M. Newns, M. Rasolt, and P.C. Pattnaik, Phys. Rev. B 38, 6650 (1988)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. 15.
    C.A.R. Sa’ de Melo and S. Doniach, Phys. Rev. B 41, 6633 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. 16.
    Qimiao Si, Jian Ping Lu, and K. Levin, Physica C, 162–164, 1467 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. K. Levin, see her article in this proceedingGoogle Scholar
  19. 17.
    M. Tachiki, Spinger Series in Solid State Sciences, Vol. 89, 138 (1989)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. S. Ishihara, H. Matsumoto, and M. Tachiki, Phys. Rev. B 42, 10041 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 18.
    J. Zanaan, and Olle Gunnarsson, Physica C, 162–164, 821 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 19.
    D.S. Dessau, PreprintGoogle Scholar
  23. 20.
    J.W. Allen, C.G. Olson, M.B. Maple, J.-S. Kang, L.Z. Liu, J.H. Park, R. Anderson, Phys. Rev. Lett. 64, 595 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 21.
    Z.-X. Shen, P.A.P. Lindberg, B.O. Wells, D.B. Mitzi, I. Lindau, W.E. Spicer and A. Kapitulnik, Phys. Rev. B 38, 11820 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. 22.
    Z.-X. Shen, P.A.P. Lindberg, P. Soukiassian, I. Lindau, W.E. Spicer, C.B. Eom, T.H. Geballe, Phys. Rev. B39, 823 (1989)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 23.
    C.M. Varma, see his article in this proceedingGoogle Scholar
  27. 24.
    D.B. Mitzi, L.W. Lombardo, A. Kapitulnik, S.S. Laderman, and R.D. Jacowitz, Phys. Rev. B 41, 6564 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 25.
    F. Parmijiani, Z.-X. Shen, D.B. Mitzi, I. Lindau, W.E. Spicer, and A. Kapitulnik, Physr. Rev. B, in pressGoogle Scholar
  29. 26.
    O. Gunnarsson, O. Jepsen, and Z.-X. Shen, Phys. Rev. B 42, 8707 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  30. 27.
    The LDA-band structure calculation for the cuprates does a better job of predicting experimental results than the LDA calculation for CuO does[R. Cohen, private communication]Google Scholar
  31. 28.
    Z.-X. Shen, P.A.P. Lindberg, D.S. Dessau, I. Lindau, W.E. Spicer, D.B. Mitzi, I. Bozvic, and A. Kapitulnik, Phys. Rev. B 39, 4295 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  32. 29.
    J.M. Tarascon, W.R. Mckinnon, P. Barboux, D.M. Hwang, B.G. Bagley, L.H. Greene, G.W. Hull, Y. LePage, N. Stoffel, and M. Giroud, Phys. Rev. B 38, 8885 (1988)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  33. 30.
    P.W. Anderson, see his article in this proceedingGoogle Scholar
  34. 31.
    J.-M. Imer, F. Patthey, B. Dardel, W.-D. Scheider, Y. Baer, Y. Petroff, and A. Zettl. Phys. Rev. Lett. 62, 336 (1989)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  35. 32.
    C.G. Olson, R. Liu, And D.W. Lynch, R.S. List, A.J. Akro, B.W. Veal, Y.C. Chang, P.Z. Jiang, and A.P. Paulikas, Solid State Comm. 76, 411 (1990)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  36. 33.
    G. Deutscher and K.A. Müller, Phys. Rev. Lett. 59, 1745(1987)ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  37. 34.
    B.O. Wells et al., preprintGoogle Scholar
  38. 35.
    O.T. Valls, M.T. Beal-Monod, T. Giamarchi, S. W. Pierson, Physica B 165&166, 1081(1990)CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  39. 36.
    D.S. Dessau et al, submitted to Phys. Rev. Lett.Google Scholar
  40. 37.
    D.S. Dessau, B.O. Wells, Z.-X. Shen, W.E. Spicer, R.S. List, A.J. Arko, C.G. Olson, D.B. Mitzi, A. Kapitulnik, Appl. Phys. Lett., to be publishedGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z.-X. Shen
    • 1
  • D. S. Dessau
    • 1
  • B. O. Wells
    • 1
  1. 1.Stanford Electronics LaboratoryStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

Personalised recommendations