Electrochemical Purification of Alkaline Solutions After Bleaching of Fabrics

  • Z. Gorzka
  • A. Socha
  • K. Jasińska
  • M. Kaźmierczak
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 42)

Abstract

This paper contains results of investigations concerning the treatment of wastewaters from the process of cloth bleaching in cotton industry plants. It was found that the application of electrochemical oxidation allows about two-fold acceleration in liberation of organic compounds contained in lyes, as compared with natural sedimentation. The process of electrolysis brings about a two-fold increase in the amount of liberated organic compounds.

On average, from 1 dm3 of wastewaters about 250 cm3 of sediment or ca 20 g of dry substance is obtained. Investigations of electro-oxidation were carried out using a titanium electrode coated with a layer of RuO2 + TiO2 oxides, over the potential range 400–1000 mV. The progress in the reaction was determined from changes in COD values of lyes. Most advantageous results were obtained at a potential 600 mV and current density 1 A/dm2. The results obtained indicate possible intensification of liberating organic substances from post-bleaching lyes. Sodium hydroxide solutions treated in this way can be recycled in the process.

Keywords

TiO2 Titanium Hydrated Platinum Hydroxide 

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References

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    Antipova I.A., Yanilkin V.V., Medvedeva S.A., Babkin V.A., Gorokhova V.G., Nikiforov V.P., Lanina N.A., Khim. Drev. 1, 82, 1985.Google Scholar
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    Kin Z., Hemicelulozy, Chemia i wykorzystanie, PWRiC Warszawa, 1980.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1991

Authors and Affiliations

  • Z. Gorzka
    • 1
  • A. Socha
    • 1
  • K. Jasińska
    • 1
  • M. Kaźmierczak
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of General ChemistryTechnical University of LódźPoland

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