Geochemistry

  • Jim V. Rouse
  • Roman Z. Pyrih

Abstract

Not so many years ago when the subject of geochemistry was mentioned, topics such as crustal abundance of the various elements, radiochemical age dating, or computer modeling of stable chemical states immediately came to mind. Most engineers in the geotechnical professions equated geochemistry with analytical services. However, there is a rapidly emerging side to the discipline of geochemistry which relates directly to geotechnical practices in waste disposal.

Keywords

Clay Chromium Manganese Arsenic Uranium 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Brubaker, G.R. and Crockett, E.L. (1986) In situ aquifer remediation using enhanced bioreclamation, in Proceedings of the Second Annual Hazardous Materials Management Conference West, Long Beach, CA.Google Scholar
  2. Chatwin, T.D. and Trepanowski, J.J. (1987) Utilization of soils to mitigate cyanide releases, in Proc., 3rd Western Reg. Conf on Precious Metals, Coal, and Environ., Rapid City, SD, September 23–26, 151–70.Google Scholar
  3. Cherry, J.A., Shepherd, T.A. and Morin, K.A. (1982) Chemical composition and geochemical behavior of contaminated ground water of uranium tailings impoundments, Preprint 82–114, SME-AIME, February 1982.Google Scholar
  4. Dragun, J. (1988) The Soil Chemistry of Hazardous Materials, Hazardous Materials Control Research Institute, Silver Spring, MD.Google Scholar
  5. Freeze, R.A. and Cherry, J.A. (1979) Groundwater, Prentice Hall, Englewood Cliffs, NJ.Google Scholar
  6. Fritz, S.J. and Hall, S.D. (1988) Efficacy of various sorbic media in attenuation of selenium, in J. Environ. Qual., 17(3), 480–4.Google Scholar
  7. Griffin, R.A., Frost, R.R., Au, A.K., Robinson, G.D. and Shimp, N.F. (1977) Attenuation of Pollutants in Municipal Landfill Leachate by Clay Minerals: Part 2 — Heavy Metal Adsorption, Environmental Geology Notes, Illinois State Geological Survey (79) April.Google Scholar
  8. Griffin, R.A., Keros C., Shrimp, N.F., Steel, J.D., Ruch, R.R., White, W.A., Hughes, G.M. and Gilkeson, R.H. (1976) Attenuation of Pollutants in Municipal Landfill Leachate by Clay Minerals: Part 1 — Column Leaching and Field Verification, Environmental Geology Notes, Illinois State Geological Survey (78), November.Google Scholar
  9. Grim, R.E. (1968) Clay Mineralogy, McGraw-Hill Book Co., New York.Google Scholar
  10. Hill, R.A. (1940) Geochemical patterns in Coachella Valley, California, in Trans. Amer. Geophys. Union, 21.Google Scholar
  11. Hornick, S.B. (1976) The interaction of soils with waste constituents, in Soil Chemistry, Volume A: Basic Elements, (eds G.H. Bolt and M.G.M. Bruggenwert) Elsevier Scientific Publishing Company, New York, 4–19.Google Scholar
  12. Houle, J.J. and Long, D.E. (1980) Interpreting results from serial batch extraction tests of wastes and soils, Proc., 6th Ann. Res. Symp., EPA-600/9-80-010, 60–81.Google Scholar
  13. Huiatt, J.L., Kerrigan, J.E., Ferron, A.O. and Potter, G.L. (1983) Cyanide from mineral processing, Proc., Nat. Sc. Foundation Workshop, Salt Lake City, UT, February 2–3, 1982.Google Scholar
  14. Jenne, E.A. (1968) Controls on Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, Cu, and Zn concentrations in soils and water: the significant role of hydrous Mn and Fe oxides, Adv. in Chem. (73), 337–87.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Klute, A. (1986) Methods of Soil Analysis, Amer. Soc. of Agronomy, Madison, WI, Parts 1 and 2.Google Scholar
  16. Knowles, C.J. (1976) Microorganisms and cyanide, Bact. Rev., Sept., 652–781.Google Scholar
  17. Peck, G.A. (1990) Surface treatment processes for heavy metals removal, in Proc., Environ. Haz. Conf. and Exposition, Seattle, WA, May 15–17.Google Scholar
  18. Pyrih, R.Z. (1991) Use of lysimeters to monitor the effects of tailings dewatering on pore-water chemistry, Proc., Randol Gold Forum CAIRNS ′91, April.Google Scholar
  19. Pyrih, R.Z. and Rouse, J.V. (1989) Attenuation processes: a viable regulatory alternative, in Proc., Environ. Haz. Conf. and Exposition, Seattle, WA.Google Scholar
  20. Rouse, J.V. (1988) Copper, chromium and arsenic in the environment: natural concentrations and geochemical attenuation, in Proc., Amer. Wood Preservers’ Assoc., 84, 110–3.Google Scholar
  21. Rouse, J.V. and Pyrih, R.Z. (1985) Natural geochemical attenuation of contaminants contained in acidic seepage, in Proc., Int. Conf. on New Frontiers for Haz. Waste Management, EPA/600/9-85/025, 192–9.Google Scholar
  22. Rouse, J.V. and Pyrih, R.Z. (1988) Natural geochemical attenuation of trace elements in migrating precious-metal process solutions, in Proc., Perth Int. Gold Conf., Oct. 77–81.Google Scholar
  23. Rouse, J.V. and Pyrih, R.Z. (1989) In-place cleanup of chromium contamination of soil and ground water, Proc., Environ. Haz. Conf., Houston, TX.Google Scholar
  24. Rouse, J.V. and Pyrih, R.Z. (1990) In-place cleanup of heavy metal contamination of soil and ground water at wood preservation sites, in Proc., Amer. Wood Preserver’s Assoc., 86.Google Scholar
  25. Schmidt, J.W., Simovic, L. and Shannon, E. (1981) Natural degradation of cyanide in gold milling effluents, Industry Seminar, Waste Water Technology Centre, Technology Development Board, Water Pollution Control Directorate, Environment Canada.Google Scholar
  26. Schmidt-Collerur, J.J. (1978) Investigations of the relationship between organic matter and uranium deposits, Bendix Field Engineering Corporation, final report, subcontract no. 76-030-E, Denver Research Institute.Google Scholar
  27. Scott, J.S. (1984) An overview of cyanide treatment methods for gold mill effluents, in Proc., Conf. on Cyanide and the Environ., Tucson, AZ, Dec. 11–14, 307–30.Google Scholar
  28. Simovic, L., Snodgrass, W.J., Murphy, K.L. and Schmidt, J.W. (1984) Development of a model to describe the natural degradation of cyanide in gold mill effluents, in Proc., Conf. on Cyanide and the Environ., Tucson, AZ, Dec. 11–14, pp. 413–32.Google Scholar
  29. Smith A. (1988) Cyanide degradation and detoxification in a heap leach, in Introduction to Evaluation, Design, and Operation of Precious Metal Heap Leaching Projects, Society of Mining Engineers, Littleton, CO, pp. 293–305.Google Scholar
  30. Smith, A. and Struhsacker, D.W. (1988) Cyanide geochemistry and detoxification regulations, in Introduction to Evaluation, Design, and Operation of Precious Metal Heap Leaching Projects, Society of Mining Engineers, Littleton, CO, pp. 275–92.Google Scholar
  31. Stiff, H.A., Jr. (1951) The interpretation of chemical water analysis by means of patterns, J. Petroleum Tech., 3(10), 15–71.Google Scholar
  32. University of California at Berkeley (1988) Mining Waste Study, Final Report, prepared by Mining Waste Study Team of the University of California at Berkeley, commissioned by the California State Legislature and funded by State Water Resources Control Board, the Department of Health Services, and the California Department of Conservation.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jim V. Rouse
  • Roman Z. Pyrih

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations