Mood Disorders

Unipolar and Bipolar
  • Lynn P. Rehm
  • Carolyn Ivens Tyndall


An historical review of the conceptualization, diagnosis, and categorization of psychopathology reveals a series of attempts to develop meaningful distinctions or subcategories in order to reduce the heterogeneity of the affective disorders. Kraeplin (1921) subsumed most major forms of depression under the rubric of “manic-depressive illness,” which he distinguished from dementia praecox (schizophrenia). This classification scheme prevailed for several decades, and was reflected in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders second edition (DSM-II; American Psychiatric Association [APA], 1968) which remained in use until 1980. Under this diagnostic approach, individuals with recurrent depressions and those with depressions plus manic episodes were both considered manic-depressive. Only involutional melancholia, psychotic depressive reaction, and depressive neurosis were differentiated from manic-depressive illness, chiefly on the basis of recurrence of depressive episodes.


Affective Disorder Mood Disorder Psychotic Disorder Cognitive Therapy Major Depressive Episode 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lynn P. Rehm
    • 1
  • Carolyn Ivens Tyndall
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of HoustonHoustonUSA
  2. 2.StaffordUSA

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