Quantum Statistical Inference
Can quantum probability theory be applied, beyond the microscopic scale of atoms and quarks, to the human problem of reasoning from incomplete and uncertain data? A unified theory of quantum statistical mechanics and Bayesian statistical inference is proposed. QSI is applied to ordinary data analysis problems such as the interpolation and deconvolution of continuous density functions from both exact and noisy data. The information measure has a classical limit of negative entropy and a quantum limit of Fisher information (kinetic energy). A smoothing parameter analogous to a de Broglie wavelength is determined by Bayesian methods. There is no statistical regularization parameter. A priori criteria are developed for good and bad measurements in an experimental design. The optimal image is estimated along with statistical and incompleteness errors. QSI yields significantly better images than the maximum entropy method, because it explicitly accounts for image continuity.
KeywordsFisher Information Resolution Function Maximum Entropy Method Quantum Statistical Mechanic Density Function Estimation
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