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Social Phobia

  • Debra A. Hope
  • Craig S. Holt
  • Richard G. Heimberg
Part of the The Plenum Behavior Therapy Series book series (PBTS)

Abstract

Following its inclusion in the psychiatric nomenclature with the publication of DSM-III (American Psychiatric Association, 1980), social phobia has been recognized as a significant mental health problem. The 1987 revision of DSM-III (DSM-III-R; American Psychiatric Association, 1987) defined social phobia as “a persistent fear of one or more situations (the social phobic situations) in which the person is exposed to possible scrutiny by others and fears that he or she may do something or act in a way that will be humiliating or embarrassing” (p. 243). The social phobic situations include public speaking, eating, drinking, or writing in the presence of others, using public restrooms, and conversations with others. Although DSM-III suggested that fears were generally limited to one situation with little interference in functioning, research has revealed that most social phobics fear, and consequently avoid, two or more of these situations (Holt, Heimberg, Hope, & Liebowitz, 1992; Turner, Beidel, Dancu, & Keys, 1986), with a portion fearing most social contact with others. This latter portion has been identified as a generalized subtype in DSM-III-R (American Psychiatric Association, 1987).

Keywords

Anxiety Disorder Social Anxiety Social Phobia Cognitive Restructuring Social Skill Training 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Debra A. Hope
    • 1
  • Craig S. Holt
    • 2
  • Richard G. Heimberg
    • 3
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyUniversity of Nebraska-LincolnLincolnUSA
  2. 2.Iowa City VA Medical CenterIowa CityUSA
  3. 3.Center for Stress and Anxiety DisordersUniversity at Albany-State University of New YorkAlbany, New YorkUSA

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