Contribution to the Stratigraphy of the Area of Bir Tarfawi and Bir Sahara East
The southern Western Desert of Egypt is one of the least studied areas in the country. The lack of accurate topographic maps, the desolation of this uninhabited area, the absence of potable water except near Tarfawi, the severe climatic conditions — all these and other factors hinder any accurate and detailed work. Nonetheless, during the 1970s and early 1980s, the area became a focus of attention for many local and foreign scientists. The Egyptian Geological Survey, in an attempt to complete the geological map of the country, sent several groups to map the area, using the available topographic maps and Landsat images. The main groups of foreign scientists interested in the area were the American-Polish team (the Combined Prehistoric Expedition) and the University of Arizona group, both of whom were and still are very active in the fields of archaeology and Quaternary geology, and a German team, who worked on the stratigraphy, structure and other aspects of the exposed, pre-Quaternary rocks in this vast area.
KeywordsClay Depression Sandstone Cretaceous Stratification
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