The Middle Paleolithic is potentially one of the most interesting periods in human history. It marks a major break from the long period of the Lower Paleolithic when there was essentially no change for several hundreds of thousands of years, and it was during the Middle Paleolithic, and probably early in that stage, that the modern form of human being first appeared in Africa (Stringer and Andrews 1988). We do not know whether the earliest modern Africans behaved differently from Middle Paleolithic people elsewhere in the world and of different physical types, but we should find out. A study of human behavior during the early Middle Paleolithic in North Africa, close to the probable routes modern humans took into Asia and central Europe, offers an opportunity to determine whether these groups did behave differently from their contemporaries outside Africa, and can thus contribute to our understanding of the development of modern human behavior.
KeywordsDepression Europe Petroleum Sandstone Petrol
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