Produced Water pp 187-198 | Cite as

Toxicity Identification and Characteristics of Produced Water Discharges from Colorado and Wyoming

  • K. W. Fucik
Part of the Environmental Science Research book series (ESRH, volume 46)


In 1987, the Region VIII office of the Environmental Protection Agency began requiring dischargers holding National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) permits to monitor effluents for biological toxicity. This affected numerous municipal and industrial dischargers including oil and gas producers discharging produced waters to surface waters.


Total Dissolve Solid Produce Water Hydrogen Sulfide Fathead Minnow High Total Dissolve Solid 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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  2. Mount, D.I. and Anderson-Carnahan, L., 1988, “Methods for Aquatic Toxicity Identification Evaluations, Phase I Toxicity Characterization Procedures,” EPA 600/3-88/034, Environmental Research Laboratory, Duluth, Minnesota.Google Scholar
  3. Peltier, W.H. and Weber, C.I., 1985, “Methods for Measuring the Acute Toxicity of Effluents to Freshwater and Marine Organisms (Third Edition),” EPA 600/4-85/012, Environmental Protection Agency, Washington, D.C..Google Scholar
  4. Taraldsen, J.E., J.R. Amato, and Mount, D.I., 1987, “Toxicity Testing and Characterization of Toxicants from Effluents of the Powder River Basin, Wyoming,” unpublished report, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Duluth, Minnesota.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1992

Authors and Affiliations

  • K. W. Fucik
    • 1
  1. 1.T.H.E. LaboratoriesBroomfieldUSA

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