War-Related Trauma and Victimization

Principles of Traumatic Stress Prevention in Israel
  • Noach Milgram
Part of the The Plenum Series on Stress and Coping book series (SSSO)


The first half of the twentieth century has been characterized as the age of anxiety. The major emphasis was on neurotic anxiety arising from intrapsychic conflict and producing reactions in vulnerable people that were, from the point of view of an objective observer, either inappropriate or disproportional to the largely innocuous overt eliciting stimuli. The second half of the century may be aptly called the age of stress, with the major emphasis on objectively stressful life events and the adverse reactions they engender in normal people. Such topics as the assessment of Stressors and stress reactions, stress inoculation, stress management, and crisis intervention have become major fields of research and practice.


Military Service Mental Health Worker Israeli Society Israel Defense Force Psychic Cost 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Noach Milgram
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyTel-Aviv UniversityRamat-AvivIsrael

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