Emission of Biogenic Sulfur Gases from Rice Paddies in Japan

  • Katsuyuki Minami
  • Ken-Ichi Kanda
  • Haruo Tsuruta


Emissions of biogenic sulfur gases from waterlogged paddy soils were studied in the laboratory, in paddy lysimeters, and in a paddy field. The laboratory studies involved measuring the gases produced when each of 5 different paddy soils were treated with 17 sulfur-containing compounds. Emissions of hydrogen sulfide (H2S), carbonyl sulfide (COS), methylmercaptan (CH3SH), dimethyl sulfide (CH2SCH3 or DMS), carbon disulfide (CS2), and dimethyl disulfide (CH3SSCH3 or DMDS) were detected. Emission rates of DMS from the paddy lysimeter ranged from 4.1 to 7.3 mg S m-2 yr-1. Emissions from lysimeters having a Gray Lowland soil were similar to those from lysimeters having a Light-colored Andosol, but emissions from lysimeters without percolation of water were greater than from lysimeters with water percolating at a rate of 20 mm per day. Annual emissions of DMS ranged from 2.4 to 3.7 mg S m-2 on plots within a paddy field. Diurnal and seasonal patterns of DMS evolution indicate that DMS emissions were greatly influenced by the activity of rice plants. Using our experimental data and the global harvested area of rice fields, we estimate that about 0.004 to 0.01 Tg S are emitted per year from paddy fields in the world.


Paddy Field Rice Straw Paddy Soil Mineral Fertilizer Dimethyl Sulfide 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Katsuyuki Minami
    • 1
  • Ken-Ichi Kanda
    • 1
  • Haruo Tsuruta
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Environmental ManagementNational Institute of Agro-Environmental SciencesTsukubaJapan

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