Emission of N-Oxides from Acid Irrigated and Limed Soils of a Coniferous Forest in Bavaria

  • Hans Papen
  • Bettina Hellmann
  • Hannelore Papke
  • Heinz Rennenberg


The effects of acid irrigation and liming on the emission rates of N2O and NO from an old spruce stand were measured seasonally. Mean annual N2O fluxes were 25 µg N2O-N m-2 h-1. If this coniferous forest can be considered representative, we estimate a contribution of temperate coniferous forest soils to the global N2O budget of 1 Tg y-1. For NO, mean annual fluxes from temperate coniferous forest soils were estimated to be in the range of 0.5–24 µg NO-N m -2 h-1. Studies with intact soil cores indicated that 0–54% of the N2O and 12–42% of the NO emitted could be accounted for by denitrification and that N2O/NO emission rates were inhibited by C2H2. However, since chemolithotrophic nitrifiers could never be detected in the control, water-irrigated, and acid-irrigated plots, and since denitrification was already inhibited by O2, other biological processes different from denitrification and chemolithotrophic nitrification are concluded to be responsible for these N2O/NO emissions.


Nitric Oxide Nitrous Oxide Emission Rate Soil Core Heterotrophic Nitrification 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1993

Authors and Affiliations

  • Hans Papen
    • 1
  • Bettina Hellmann
    • 1
  • Hannelore Papke
    • 1
  • Heinz Rennenberg
    • 1
  1. 1.Fraunhofer-Institute for Atmospheric Environmental ResearchGarmisch-PartenkirchenGermany

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