The influence of the cytosolic oncotic pressure on the permeability of the mitochondrial outer membrane for ADP: implications for the kinetic properties of mitochondrial creatine kinase and for ADP channelling into the intermembrane space

  • Frank Norbert Gellerich
  • Matthias Kapischke
  • Wolfram Kunz
  • Wolfram Neumann
  • Andrey Kuznetsov
  • Dieter Brdiczka
  • Klaas Nicolay
Part of the Developments in Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry book series (DMCB, volume 13)


Cytosolic proteins as components of the physiological mitochondrial environment were substituted by dextrans added to media normally used for incubation of isolated mitochondria. Under these conditions the volume of the intermembrane space decreases and the contact sites between the both mitochondrial membranes increase drastically. These morphological changes are accompanied by a reduced permeability of the mitochondrial outer compartment for adenine nucleotides as it was shown by extensive kinetic studies of mitochondrial enzymes (oxidative phosphorylation, mi-creatine kinase, mi-adenylate kinase). The decreased permeability of the mitochondrial outer membrane causes increased rate dependent concentration gradients in the micromolar range for adenine nucleotides between the intermembrane space and the extramitochondrial space. Although all metabolites crossing the outer membrane exhibit the same concentration gradients, considerable compartmentations are detectable for ADP only due to its low extramitochondrial concentration. The consequences of ADP-compartmentation in the mitochondrial intermembrane space for ADP-channelling into the mitochondria are discussed. (Mol Cell Biochem 133/134: 85–104, 1994)

Key words

mitochondria creatine kinase adenylate kinase compartmentation oncotic pressure metabolic channelling 


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank Norbert Gellerich
    • 1
    • 2
  • Matthias Kapischke
    • 3
  • Wolfram Kunz
    • 3
  • Wolfram Neumann
    • 4
  • Andrey Kuznetsov
    • 5
  • Dieter Brdiczka
    • 6
  • Klaas Nicolay
    • 1
  1. 1.Dept. of in vivo NMR spectroscopy, Bijvoet Center for Biomolecular ResearchUtrecht UniversityThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of Transplant Surgery, Clinical and Interdisciplinary BioenergeticsUniversity Hospital of InnsbruckAustria
  3. 3.Institut für BiochemieUniversität MagdeburgGermany
  4. 4.Klinik für Orthopädie der Medizinischen Fakultät der Universität MagdeburgGermany
  5. 5.Laboratory of BioenergeticsCardiology Research CenterMoscowRussia
  6. 6.Fakultät für BiologieUniversität KonstanzGermany

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