Chicken smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase is acetylated on its NH2-terminal methionine
The reported cDNA structure of chicken smooth muscle myosin light chain kinase (smMLCK) encodes a protein of 972 residues (Olson et al. Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci USA, 87: 2284–2288, 1990). The calculated Mr is 107,534 whereas the estimate by SDS-PAGE is approximately 130,000. Gibson and Higgins (DNA Sequence (in press)) have recently reported the possibility of errors in the cDNA sequence for non-muscle MLCK and that the NH2-terminus of both it and smMLCK may extend beyond the reported coding region. The native smMLCK is NH2-terminally blocked. A CNBr peptide derived from smMLCK contains the NH2-terminal sequence Asp-Phe-Arg-Ala corresponding to residues 2 to 4 in the smMLCK sequence indicating that Met-1 is present. Using a limited thermolysin digest we isolated an NH2-terminally blocked peptide by reversed-phase HPLC. This thermolytic peptide had a mass of approximately 797 by time of flight mass spectrometry. Amino acid analysis and Edman sequencing of a CNBr-subfragment of the thermolytic peptide indicated that it had the composition and sequence, (Met)-Asp-Phe-Arg-Ala-Asn, with a calculated mass of 753. The difference in mass corresponds to the NH2-terminal Met being blocked by acetylation. The results demonstrate that the NH2-terminal sequence of smMLCK inferred from the reported cDNA sequence is correct and that the proposed initiating Met is not removed, but modified by α-NH2 acetylation of the translation product. (Mol Cell Biochem 127/128: 81–91, 1993)
Key wordsmyosin light chain kinase smooth muscle
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