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Molecular and clinical aspects of the Neu/ErbB-2 receptor tyrosine kinase

  • Ilana Stancovski
  • Michael Sela
  • Yosef Yarden
Part of the Cancer Treatment and Research book series (CTAR, volume 71)

Abstract

Tumorigenesis in model experimental systems involves multiple steps that include activation of cell growth and inactivation of inhibitory processes [1,2]. Tumor development in humans is thought to reflect the multiplicity of events in the accumulation of independent mutations that affect clonal growth of the cancerous cell [3]. The identity of the group of genes that confer malignancy in vitro appears to be similar to the set of genes that are mutated in animal and human tumors [4]. All the genes whose products undergo mutational activation (oncogenes) encode key regulatory elements in signal transduction pathways that lead to cell growth [5]. Thus, oncogenic proteins may be growth factors, their membrane receptors, cytoplasmic effector proteins, or nuclear factors that control gene expression. In animal model systems, altered forms of receptors for growth factors can induce tumorigenesis. Examples are the products of the fms and erbB retroviral genes that encode portions of the receptors for colony stimulating factor 1 (CSF-1) [6] and epidermal growth factor (EGF) [7], respectively. However, the possibility that modifications of growth factor receptors may be one of the molecular steps that are crucial for tumor development in humans remains open.

Keywords

Breast Cancer Epidermal Growth Factor Receptor Bispecific Antibody Chimeric Receptor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ilana Stancovski
  • Michael Sela
  • Yosef Yarden

There are no affiliations available

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