Actin pp 13-23 | Cite as

Combining Electron Microscopy and X-Ray Crystallography Data to Study the Structure of F-Actin and its Implications for Thin-Filament Regulation In Muscle

  • Robert Mendelson
  • Edward Morris
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 358)

Abstract

Actin filaments (F-actin) are found in nearly all eukaryotic cells as elements of the cytoskeleton. They also play a central role in various types of contractility, motility and transport. F-actin is a helical polymer composed of identical globular subunits, each of which contains 375 amino acids. The atomic structure of the monomer (G-actin; 42 kD) has recently been determined from a complex of the monomer and DNase (Kabsch et al., 1990). The monomer structure, shown in figure 1, has two major domains (historically these were termed “large” and “small”, but it is now known that they are of nearly the same size) which are each divided into two subdomains. Subdomain 1 contains the N- and C-termini of the polypeptide chain. The prominent cleft between the two major domains is the site of nucleotide binding. Knowledge of the precise arrangement of the actin subunits within F-actin would be helpful in understanding the function of F-actin at the molecular level.

Keywords

Rubber Polypeptide Hunt Putrescine Phalloidin 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert Mendelson
    • 1
  • Edward Morris
    • 2
  1. 1.Dept. of Biochemistry and Biophysics and Cardiovascular Research InstituteUniversity of CaliforniaSan FranciscoUSA
  2. 2.Biophysics Section Blackett LaboratoryImperial College LondonUK

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