Nonlinear Optical Materials for Integrated Optics

  • C. Flytzanis

Abstract

Despite progress in nonlinear waveguided optics1,2 over the last two decades the implementation of related devices in large scale technology is still not satisfactory. This can be traced to several causes, both structural and conceptual, but the most severe cause is the inadequate present performance3 of nonlinear optical materials. Nature has not been generous with the optical nonlinearities of bulk optical materials; in the case of integrated nonlinear optics the situation is aggravated by additional requirements1,2 on the materials such as processability, adaptability and interfacing with other materials. These additional requirements are intrinsic to the fabrication of nonlinear integrated devices, which besides efficiently performing the expected nonlinear operation, must be miniaturized, compact, reliable and with precisely reproducible characteristics in large scale production and long term operation. These problems acquire a particular twist because one of the goals of ongoing research and development is the replacement of integrated electronic devices by optical ones. However, progress in electronics has been remarkable over the last decade and seemingly does not show any signs of fatigue; standards and priorities there are well established and a consensus about future targets has been established. This competition with integrated electronics however has guided nonlinear integrated optics towards a development path that does not allow full exploitation of the intrinsic advantages of optics.

Keywords

Fatigue Anisotropy Urea Recombination Zeolite 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • C. Flytzanis
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratoire d’Optique Quantique, Ecole PolytechniquePalaiseau cédexFrance

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