Urolithiasis 2 pp 597-598 | Cite as

Metabolic Abnormalities in Patients With Renal Staghorn Stones

  • J. R. Zanchetta
  • C. E. Bogado
  • E. del Valle
Chapter

Abstract

Renal calculi can be considered a cause or an effect of renal infection; the latter role produces the so-called staghorn type stone, with characteristic chemical composition (struvite and other related phosphates). Its cause is the enzymatic alkalinization of urine by urease-producing bacteria2. The infection-mediated stone grows very fast (sometimes called “stone cancer”). In the case of renal infection being caused by renal calculi the stones are of mixed composition and associated with metabolic disturbances.

Keywords

Magnesium Carbohydrate Creatinine Citrate Argentina 

References

  1. 1.
    JR Zanchetta and CE Bogado, Excretion urinaria de sodio y magnesio en la hipercalciuria idiopatica, Medicina 51(4), 296 (1991).PubMedGoogle Scholar
  2. 2.
    DP Griffith, and CA Osborne, Infection (urease) stones, Min Elect Metab, 13, 278 (1987).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. R. Zanchetta
    • 1
  • C. E. Bogado
    • 1
  • E. del Valle
    • 1
  1. 1.Instituto de Investigaciones MetabolicasBuenos AiresArgentina

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