Urolithiasis 2 pp 581-586 | Cite as

Simultaneous Treatment of Calcium Oxalate and Uric Acid Stone Disease in Saudi Arabia

  • W. G. Robertson
  • H. Hughes
  • I. Husain
  • S. Al-Faqih
  • A. Arafat
  • A. Chakrabarti
  • A. Shamsuddin
  • L. S. Tipton

Abstract

Urolithiasis is a major public health problem in most of the oil-rich Gulf countries. In Saudi Arabia, for example, it is estimated that over 20% of men will have at least one episode of stones before the age of 60. The majority of stones are idiopathic in origin and consist of calcium oxalate (CaOx) and/or uric acid; calcium phosphate (CaP) stones, on the other hand, are relatively rare.

Keywords

Placebo Magnesium Creatinine Citrate Acidity 

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References

  1. 1.
    WG Robertson, M Nisa, et al, The importance of diet in the aetiology of primary calcium and uric acid stone formation: the Arabian experience, in: VR Walker, RAL Sutton, ECB Cameron, CYC Pak, WG Robertson, eds, “Urolithiasis, Springer Science+Business Media New York, p 735 (1989).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    NJY Woodhouse and WL Norton, Low vitamin D levels in Saudi Arabians. King Faisal Specialist Hosp J 2: 127, 1982.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    VR Walker, N Bissada et al, Urinary calcium excretion in Saudi Arabia, tin: VR Walker, RAL Sutton, ECB Cameron, CYC Pak, WG Robertson, eds,“Urolithiasis”, Springer Science+Business Media New York, p 717 (1989).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    WG Robertson and H Hughes, Importance of mild hyperoxaluria in the pathogenesis of urolithiasis — new evidence in the light of the Arabian experience, Scan Microsc (in press).Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • W. G. Robertson
    • 1
  • H. Hughes
    • 1
  • I. Husain
    • 2
  • S. Al-Faqih
    • 2
  • A. Arafat
    • 2
  • A. Chakrabarti
    • 2
  • A. Shamsuddin
    • 2
  • L. S. Tipton
    • 1
  1. 1.King Faisal Specialist Hospital & Research CentreRiyadhSaudi Arabia
  2. 2.King Khalid University HospitalRiyadhSaudi Arabia

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