With the advent of laser lithotripsy and miniscopes for the treatment of ureteral calculi, ultrasonic lithotripsy has lost its function as a universal lithotripsy system, as its probes are not compatible with the miniscopes. Still, laser lithotropsy has its disadvantages: purchase costs are high and the low fragmentation rates make it unsuitable for the primary treatment of bladder calculi and staghorn stones in the kidney. Thus, there is a continuing need for a universal lithotripsy system providing both miniaturized probes and high stone ablation rates.
- 2.F. Eisenberger, K Miller, J Rassweiler, Stone therapy in urology, George Thieme Verlag Stuttgart (1991).Google Scholar