Advertisement

The Relevance of the Fragments in the Study of Hot and Dense Nuclear Matter

  • J. P. Coffin
  • FOPI Collaboration
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 335)

Abstract

A great deal of work has been devoted over the past two decades to the study of the properties of the nuclear matter formed in Relativistic Heavy-Ion reactions. A solid background about the main achievements may be found for example in references 1–3. The most salient characteristics of the collisions at medium and low impact parameters (b) are the formation of a hot and dense medium in the region of contact and a pronounced collective motion of all the particles and clusters involved while a rapid thermalization of this zone occurs. The net result is the emission of a large variety of products from light particles (Z = 1, 2) to intermediate mass fragments (IMF, typically 3 ≤ Z ≤ 16), the so-called multifragmentation process.

Keywords

Nuclear Matter Excitation Function Multiplicity Distribution Dense Nuclear Matter Azimuthal Plane 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    High Energy Nuclear Collisions, The GSI-LBL Collaboration at the Bevalac Papers 1975–1987, H.H. Gutbrod, A. Sandoval, and R. Stock, ed., GSI Report 87–10 (1987)Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Proceedings of a NATO Advanced Study Institute on the Nuclear Equation of State, Peniscola, Spain, ed. W. Greiner and H. Stöcker, NATO ASI Series B: Physics 216 A and B (1989).Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Relativistic Heavy Ion Physics, Int. Rev. of Nucl. Phys., L.P. Csernai, and D.D. Strottman, ed., Publisher, World Scientific (1991).Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    D. L’Hote et al., Nucl Phys. A519, 331c (1990) and references therein.ADSGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    G. Westfall in this Institute.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. Peter in this Institute.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    K.D. Hildenbrand in this Institute.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    A. Gobbi and the FOPI Collaboration at GSI, Nucl. Inst. Meth. A324, 156 (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    J.P. Alard and the FOPI Collaboration at GSI, Phys. Rev. Lett. 69, 889 (1992).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    C. Kuhn, PhD thesis, Strasbourg (1993), reprint CRN 93–20.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    D. Hahn and H. Stöcker, Nucl. Phys. A476, 718 (1998).ADSGoogle Scholar
  12. 12.
    P.J. Siemens and J.I. Kapusta, Phys. Rev. Lett. 43, 1486 (1979).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    W. Schmidt et al, Phys. Rev. C47, 2782 (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    C. Kuhn and the FOPI Collaboration at GSI, Phys. Rev. C (in press).Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    See for example J.P. Bondorf et al., Nucl. Phys. A443, 321 (1985) and Nucl. Phys. A444, 460(1985)ADSGoogle Scholar
  16. 16.
    S. Nagamiya et al., Phys. Rev. C24, 971 (1981).ADSGoogle Scholar
  17. 17.
    H.H. Gutbrod et al., Phys. Lett. 127B, 317 (1983).ADSGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    K.G.R. Doss et al., Phys. Rev. C32, 116 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    B.V. Jacak et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 51, 1846 (1983), Phys. Rev. C29, 1744 (1984) and Phys. Rev. C35, 1751 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    R. Wada et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 1829 (1987).ADSCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    L P. Csernai et al., Phys. Rev. C38, 2681 (1988).ADSGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    R. Trockel et al., Phys. Rev. C38, 576 (1988).ADSGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    K.G.R. Doss et al., Phys. Rev. C37, 163 (1988).ADSGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    P. Danielewicz and G. Odyniec, Phys. Lett. 157B, 146 (1985).ADSGoogle Scholar
  25. 25.
    P. Danielewicz and Q. Pan, Phys. Rev. C46, 2002 (1992)ADSGoogle Scholar
  26. 26.
    N. Herrmann for the FOPI Collaboration, Nucl Phys. A553, 739c (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  27. 27.
    T. Wienold et al., GSI Scientific Report 1992, GSI 93–1, p. 35.Google Scholar
  28. 28.
    C. Kuhn and the FOPI Collaboration, Proc. of the XXXI Int. Winter Meeting on Nucl. Phys., Bormio (Italy), 1993, p. 59.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    J. Konopka, H. Graf, H. Stöcker and W. Greiner, Proc. of the XXXI Int. Winter Meeting on Nucl. Phys., Bormio (Italy), 1993, p. 192.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    B. Kämpfer and the FOPI Collaboration, Phys. Rev. C48, R955 (1993)Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    S C. Jeong et al., GSI Scientific Report 1992, GSI 93–1, p. 34 ; and Phys. Rev. Lett. (submitted).Google Scholar
  32. 32.
    W. Bauer et al., Phys. Rev. C47, R1838 (1993).ADSGoogle Scholar
  33. 33.
    For a discussion see A.R. Deangelis and A.Z. Mekjian, Int. Rev. of Nucl. Phys., L.P. Csernai, and D.D. Strottman, ed., Publisher, World Scientific (1991), Chap. 6, p. 363.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • J. P. Coffin
    • 1
  • FOPI Collaboration
    • 1
  1. 1.IN2P3-CNRS/Université Louis PasteurStrasbourg Cedex 2France

Personalised recommendations