Handedness

  • Robert M. AndersonJr.
Part of the Critical Issues in Neuropsychology book series (CINP)

Abstract

Handedness is defined as the preferred hand used for a motor activity (manual preference) or the hand most skillful at performing a task (manual proficiency) (Fennell, 1986; Henninger, 1992). Approximately 90-95% of the population is right-handed (dextral) (Annett, 1970; Porac & Coren, 1978). The remainder are left-handed (sinistral) or mixed-handed. Lefthandedness decreases with age and has been reported to vary with culture (Fennel, 1986). An increased incidence of left-handedness has been reported in a variety of groups, including individuals with epilepsy (Bolin, 1953), alcoholism (Bakan, 1953), learning disabilitie s (Geschwind & Behan, 1982), and mental retardation (DeSilva & Satz, 1979; Hicks & Barton, 1975). It has also been reported among specific groups not suffering from disorders (Fennell, 1986).

Keywords

Migraine Lawson Aphasia Broom 

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Annett, M. (1967). The binomial distribution of right, mixed, and left handedness. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 19, 327–333.Google Scholar
  2. Annett, M. (1970). A classification of hand preference by association analysis. British Journal of Psychology, 61, 303–321.Google Scholar
  3. Bakan, P. (1953). Left-handedness and alcoholism. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 36, 514.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Bolin, B. J. (1953). Left-handedness and stuttering as signs diagnostic of epileptics. Journal of Mental Sciences, 99, 483–488.Google Scholar
  5. Briggs, G. G., & Nebes, R. D. (1975). Patterns of hand preference in a student population. Cortex, 11, 230–238.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Coren, S., Porac, C., & Duncan, P. (1979). A behaviorally validated self-report inventory to assess four types of lateral preference. Journal of Clinical Neuropsychology, 1, 55–64.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Crovitz, H. F., & Zener, K. (1962). A group-test for assessing hand-and eye-dominance. American Journal of Psychology, 75, 271–276.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. DeSilva, D. A., & Satz, P. (1979). Pathological left-handedness: Evaluation of a model. Brain and Language, 7, 8–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Fennell, E. B. (1986). Handedness in neuropsychological research. In H. J Hannay (Ed.), Experimental techniques in human neuropsychology (pp. 15–44). New York: Oxford University Press.Google Scholar
  10. Filskov, S. B., & Catanese, R. A. (1986). Effects of sex and handedness on neuropsychological testing. In S. B. Filskov & T. J Boll (Eds.), Handbook of clinical neuropsychology. Volume 2 (pp. 198–212). New York: Wiley.Google Scholar
  11. Geschwind, N., & Behan, P. (1982). Left-handedness: Association with immune disease, migraine and developmental learning disorder. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 79, 5097–5100.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Gregory, R., & Paul, J. (1980). The effects of handedness and writing posture on neuropsychological test results. Neuropsychologia, 18, 231–235.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. Heaton, R. K., Grant, I., & Matthews, C. G. (1991). Comprehensive norms for an expanded Halstead-Reitan Battery: Demographic corrections, research findings, and clinical applications. Odessa, FL: Psychological Assessment Resources.Google Scholar
  14. Hecaen, H., DeAgostini, M., & Monzon-Montes, J. (1981). Cerebral organization in left handers. Brain and Language, 12, 261–284.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. Henninger, P. (1992). Handedness and lateralization. In A. E. Puente & R. J. McCaffrey (Eds.), Handbook of neuropsychological assessment: A biopsychosocial perspective (pp. 141–179). New York: Plenum Press.Google Scholar
  16. Hicks, R. E., & Barton, A. K. (1975). A note on left-handedness and severity of mental retardation. Journal of Genetic Psychology, 127, 323–324.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Kertesz, A. (1979). Aphasia and associated disorders. New York: Grune & Stratton.Google Scholar
  18. Levy, J. (1969). Possible basis for the evolution of lateral specialization of the human brain. Nature, 224, 614–615.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Oldfield, R. C. (1971). The assessment and analysis of handedness: The Edinburgh Inventory. Neuropsychologia, 9, 97–113.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Porac, C., & Coren, S. (1978). Relationships among lateral preference behaviors in human beings. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 2, 311–312.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Porac, C., & Coren, S. (1981). Lateral preferences and human behavior. New York: Springer-Verlag.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. Rasmussen, T., & Milner, B. (1977). The role of left-brain injury in determining lateralization of cerebral speech functions. Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, 299, 355–369.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Satz, P., Achenbach, K., & Fennel, E. (1967). Correlations between assessed manual laterality and predicted speech laterality in a normal population. Neuropsychologia, 15, 341–344.Google Scholar
  24. Steenhuis, R. E., Bryden, M. P., Schwartz, M., & Lawson, S. (1990). Reliability of hand preference items and factors. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 12, 921–930.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  25. Strauss, E., & Wada, J. (1988). Hand preference and proficiency and cerebral speech dominance determined by carotid Amytal test. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 10, 169–174.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  26. Warrington, E. K., & Pratt, R. T. C. (1973). Language laterality in left handers assessed by unilateral ECT. Neuropsychologia, 11, 423–428.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Robert M. AndersonJr.
    • 1
  1. 1.HonoluluUSA

Personalised recommendations