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The Revealing of Heterogeneities by Free Linear Chains in a Network

  • Jyotsana Lal
  • Jacques Bastide
  • Rama Bansil
  • Francois Boué
Part of the NATO ASI Series book series (NSSB, volume 323)

Abstract

Using Small-Angle Neutron Scattering (SANS) we first, studied Methylmethacrylate (MMA) gels with no free chains of polystyrene (PSD) inside them. Gels show increased scattering compared to the solutions, contrary to the predictions of the classical theories. Second, linear PSD chains (their c<c*) were introduced in the system: again increased scattering is observed from chains in the gel compared to the chains in an equivalent semi-dilute solution. These results imply that when the translational entropy of free PSD chains is weak (especially for the larger ones) they would tend to mix less efficiently with the gel than with the solution. At low q, the scattering from the PSD chains increases with molecular weight and progressively tends to a master curve varying as q-2.5. We discuss an explanation of this effect in terms of the percolation model of heterogeneities. The larger molecular weight PSD chains define the contour of the large percolation clusters in the gel.

Keywords

Fractal Dimension Crosslinking Density Percolation Model Percolation Cluster Free Chain 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    J. Lal, J. Bastide, R. Bansil and F. Boué, Macromolecules, 26: 6092 (1993).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    J. Bastide and L. Leibler, Macromolecules, 21: 2647 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    F. H. Zielinski, M. Buzier, C. Lartigue, J. Bastide, and F. Boué, Prog. Coll. & Pol. Sci. 104, (1992).Google Scholar
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    M. Daoud, and L. Leibler, Macromolecules, 21: 1497 (1988).CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Jyotsana Lal
    • 1
  • Jacques Bastide
    • 2
  • Rama Bansil
    • 3
  • Francois Boué
    • 4
  1. 1.College de France, Matière CondenséeParis Cedex 05France
  2. 2.ICS, F-67083Strasbourg CedexFrance
  3. 3.Department of PhysicsBoston UniversityBostonUSA
  4. 4.LLB, CE- SaclayGif-Sur-Yvette, CedexUSA

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