Panic Disorder with Agoraphobia

  • S. Lloyd Williams
  • Benoit Laberge


People who suffer from panic disorder with agoraphobia (PDA) present a complex condition consisting of two partly independent problems: agoraphobia and panic attacks. The PDA diagnosis is a recent addition to the American Psychiatric Association’s (1987) Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-III-R), and it is given to people who have a history of both panic and agoraphobia. Many PDA clients present with both problems, but in some clients the agoraphobia is the predominant presenting problem, because the panic attacks often remit while the agoraphobia persists. Even when panic has not occurred recently, many PDA clients attribute their agoraphobic behavior to a desire to avoid the risk of panic. The present case illustrates treatment of a client who experienced both agoraphobia and panic attacks.


Anxiety Disorder Beck Depression Inventory Panic Disorder Panic Attack Traffic Light 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Lloyd Williams
  • Benoit Laberge

There are no affiliations available

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