Psychoactive Substance Abuse

  • Howard B. Moss
  • Ihsan M. Salloum
  • Barry Fisher


Substance use disorders are the most prevalent psychiatric conditions among the general population (Robins, Helzer, Weissman, Orvaschel, Gruenberg, Bruke, & Regier, 1984). These conditions constitute a major public health problem and result in enormous economic costs to society (National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism [NIAAA], 1991). Numerous definitions and taxonomic schemata have been advanced to characterize these disorders (Hill, 1985; Meyer, 1986). The two most widely accepted ones, the World Health Organization’s (WHO) International Classification of Diseases (ICD) (World Health Organization [WHO], 1977) and the American Psychiatric Association’s Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) (American Psychiatric Association, 1987), are periodically modified. These periodic changes in definition highlight the many uncertainties that surround the criteria for these disorders.


Aggressive Behavior Substance Abuser Suicidal Behavior Cocaine Abuse Substance Abuse Disorder 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Howard B. Moss
    • 1
  • Ihsan M. Salloum
    • 1
  • Barry Fisher
    • 1
  1. 1.Comprehensive Alcohol and Drug Abuse Program, Western Psychiatric Institute and ClinicUniversity of Pittsburgh School of MedicinePittsburghUSA

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