In this chapter the impact and effectiveness of drug testing programs in the workplace (sometimes referred to as drug screening programs) are examined. It will become clear in this review that few scientific evaluations have been conducted to assess the impact of screening programs; therefore, much of this chapter focuses on our speculations about possible impacts. For the purpose of evaluating the effectiveness of screening programs, the objectives of screening and the critical assumptions underlying these objectives are assessed. A primary focus of this chapter is what happens to companies when drug screening programs are initiated. Because screening programs can be implemented in a number of different ways, the answer is largely dependent on the type of program and how it is implemented. These variations in types of screening programs and their possible differential impacts are explored. Prior to exploring these issues, an examination of the history and extent of drug testing programs is provided. This historical perspective is useful for understanding why these programs were initiated and how prevalent they are today.
- Drug Testing
- Drug Screening
- Drug Positive
- National Drug Control Policy
- Workplace Problem
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Macdonald, S., Wells, S. (1994). The Impact and Effectiveness of Drug Testing Programs in the Workplace. In: Macdonald, S., Roman, P. (eds) Drug Testing in the Workplace. Research Advances in Alcohol and Drug Problems, vol 11. Springer, Boston, MA. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4615-2399-4_6
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