Mites pp 218-251 | Cite as

Evolution and Life-History Patterns of Mites Associated with Bees

  • George C. Eickwort


Bees (superfamily Apoidea, order Hymenoptera) represent one of the major success stories in evolution. With about 20,000 species in 11 families (Michener 1979), they are twice as diverse as birds. All species, except cleptoparasites (cuckoos), construct nests and provision cells with pollen and concentrated nectar (honey), the sole food of both larvae and adults. This niche is otherwise occupied only by a few vespid wasps.


Phoretic Mite Mite Genus Metasomal Tergum Mite Associate Phoretic Host 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1994

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  • George C. Eickwort

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