Julius Lewkowitsch, one of the earliest oils and fats chemists, was born in 1857 and died in 1913 at the relatively early age of 56. His life thus spanned two of the most significant events in the development of the modern oils and fats industry: the development and patenting of margarine by Mouriès in 1869 and the hydrogenation of oils by Normann in 1902.


Nucleation Rate Cocoa Butter Solubility Curve Crystal Habit Continuous Solid Solution 
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© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

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  • R. E. Timms

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