Advertisement

Design of modified atmosphere packaging for fresh produce

Chapter

Abstract

Controlled atmosphere (CA) storage and modified atmosphere packaging (MAP) are two useful technologies to extend the shelf-life of fresh agricultural and horticultural produce. Simply stated, these technologies involve storing a fruit or vegetable in a modified atmosphere usually consisting of reduced O2 and elevated CO2 concentrations compared to air. The modified atmosphere reduces the rates of respiration and ethylene production, which are often associated with the benefits of retardation of physiological, pathological, and physical deteriorative processes occurring in the product. Aerobic respiration is a complicated process that involves a series of enzymatic reactions taking place through the metabolic pathways of glycolysis, the tricarboxylic acid (TCA) cycle, and the associated electron transport system (Kader, 1987).

Keywords

Respiration Rate Polymeric Film Fresh Produce Modify Atmosphere Packaging LDPE Film 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Anderson, H.S. (1989) Controlled atmosphere package. US Patent 4842875.Google Scholar
  2. Cameron, A.C., Boylan-Pett, W. and Lee, J. (1989) Design of modified atmosphere packaging systems: modeling oxygen concentrations within sealed packages of tomato fruits. J. Food Sci., 54, 1413–16.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. Cameron, A.C., Boylan-Pett, W. and Lee, J. (1989) Design of modified atmosphere packaging systems: modeling oxygen concentrations within sealed packages of tomato fruits. J. Food Sci., 54, 1421.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Deily, K.R. and Rizvi, S.S.H. (1981) Optimization of parameters for packaging of fresh peaches in polymeric films. J. Food Processing, 5(1), 23–41.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Emond, J.P., Castaigne, F., Toupin, C.J. and Desilets, D. (1991) No Article Title Mathematical Modeling of Gas Exchange in Modified Atmosphere Packaging. Transactions of the ASAE, 34(1), 239–45.Google Scholar
  6. Exama, A., Arul, J., Lencki, R.W., Lee, L.Z. and Toupin, C. (1993) Suitability of plastic films for modified atmosphere packaging of fruits and vegetables. J. Food Sci., 58(6), 1365–70.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. Haggar, P.E., Lee, D.S. and Yam, K.L. (1992) Application of an enzyme kinetics based respiration model to closed system experiments for fresh produce. J. Food Process Engineering, 15, 143–57.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. Hayakawa, K., Henig, Y.S. and Gilbert, S.G. (1975) Formulae for predicting gas exchange of fresh produce in polymeric film package. J. Food Sci., 40, 186–91.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. Isaka, T. (1988) Recent trends in use of far IR radiations: use on packaging films. Food Ind. (Shokuhin Kogyo, Jpn.), 31(24), 27.Google Scholar
  10. Jurin, V. and Karel, M. (1963) Studies on control of respiration of McIntosh apples by packaging method. Food Technol. 17, 104–8.Google Scholar
  11. Joyce, D.C. (1988) Evaluation of a ceramic-impregnated Plastic Film as a Postharvest Wrap. HortScience, 23, 1088.Google Scholar
  12. Kader, A.A. (1987) Respiration of gas exchange in vegetables. In: Post Harvest Physiology of Vegetables, J. Weichmann (ed.), Marcel Dekker, New York, Chapter 3.Google Scholar
  13. Kader, A.A., Zagory, D. and Kerbel, E.L. (1989) Modified atmosphere packaging of fruits and vegetables. CRC Crit. Rev. Food Sci. Nut., 28(1), 1.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Katzyoshi, T. (1992) Freshness keeping packaging. In: Handbook of Food Preservation. K. Umeda, K. Yasmoto, K. Utagawa, T. Yokoyama and T. Yamaguchi (eds), Creative, Tokyo, 365–74.Google Scholar
  15. Labuza, T.P. and Breene, W.M. (1989) Application of ‘active packaging’ for improvement of shelf-life and nutritional quality of fresh and extended shelf-life foods. J. Food Proc. and Pres., 13, 1–69.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  16. Lebermann, K.W., Nelson, A.I. and Steinberg, M.P. (1968) Post-harvest changes of broccoli stored in modified atmosphere: I. Respiration of shoots and color of flower head. Food Technol., 22(4), 143–6.Google Scholar
  17. Lee, D.S., Haggar, P.E. and Yam, K.L. (1992) Application of ceramic-filled polymeric films for packaging fresh produce. Packaging Technology and Science, 5, 27–30.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Lee, D.S., Haggar, P.E., Lee, J. and Yam, K.L. (1991) Model for fresh produce respiration in modified atmosphere based on principles of enzyme kinetics. J. Food Sci., 56(6), 1580.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Lee, J. (1987) The design of controlled or modified packaging systems for fresh produce. In: Food Product-Package Compatibility, Proceedings, J.I. Gray, B.R. Harte and J. Miltz (eds), Technomic Publishing, Lancaster, PA, USA.Google Scholar
  20. Mannapperuma, J.D. and Singh, R.P. (1990) Micromodel optimization of modified atmosphere vegetable/fruit packaging. In: Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Controlled/Modified Atmosphere/Vacuum Packaging-CAP90, San Jose, Calif., January 17–19.Google Scholar
  21. Mannapperuma, J.D. and Singh, R.P. (1994) Design of Perforated Polymeric Packages for the Modified Atmosphere Storage of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables. 1991 IFT Annual Meeting, Paper 21–8.Google Scholar
  22. Mizutani, Y. et al. (1993) Microporous polypropylene sheets. Ind. Eng. Chem. Res., 32, 221–7.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. Meyers, R.A. (1985) Modified Atmosphere Package and Process. US Patent 4515266.Google Scholar
  24. Ohta, H., Nakatani, A., Saio, T., Nagota, Y., Yoza, K. and Ishitani, T. (1991) No Article Title Gas Permeability of Commercial Plastic Films. Report of Ginki Chogoku National Agricultural Experimentation Station, 82, 43–6.Google Scholar
  25. Powrie, W.D. and Skura, B.J. (1991) Modified atmosphere packaging of fruits and vegetables. In: Modified Atmosphere Packaging of Food, B. Ooraikul and M.E. Stiles (eds), Ellis Horwood, New York.Google Scholar
  26. Prince, T.A. (1989) Modified atmosphere packaging of horticultural commodities. In: Controlled/Modified Atmosphere/Vacuum Packaging of Foods, A.L. Brody (ed.), Food & Nutrition Press, Trumbull, Connecticut, 67–100.Google Scholar
  27. Robertson, G.L. (1992) Packaging of horticultural products. In: Food Packaging: Principles and Practice, Marcel Dekker, New York, 470–506.Google Scholar
  28. Shelekhin, A.B., Dixon, A.G. and Ma, Y.H. (1992) Adsorption, permeation, and diffusion of gases in microporous membranes. II. Permeation of gases in microporous glass membranes. J. Membrane Sci., 75, 233–44.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  29. Singh, R.P. and Oliveira, F. (1994) Minimal Processing of Foods and Process Optimization. CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida, 438–9.Google Scholar
  30. Solomos, T. (1994) Some biological and physical principles underlying modified atmosphere packaging. In: Minimally Processed Refrigerated Fruits and Vegetables, R.C. Wiley (ed.), Chapman & Hall, New York, 183–225.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  31. Song, Y.S., Kim, H.K. and Yam, K.L. (1992) Respiration of blueberry in modified atmosphere at various temperatures. J. Amer. Soc. Hort. Sci., 117(6), 925–9.Google Scholar
  32. Veeraju, M. and Karel, M. (1966) Controlling atmosphere in fresh-fruit package. Modern Packaging, 40, 168.Google Scholar
  33. Veeraju, M. and Karel, M. (1966) Controlling atmosphere in fresh-fruit package. Modern Packaging, 40, 170.Google Scholar
  34. Veeraju, M. and Karel, M. (1966) Controlling atmosphere in fresh-fruit package. Modern Packaging, 40, 172Google Scholar
  35. Veeraju, M. and Karel, M. (1966) Controlling atmosphere in fresh-fruit package. Modern Packaging, 40, 174Google Scholar
  36. Veeraju, M. and Karel, M. (1966) Controlling atmosphere in fresh-fruit package. Modern Packaging, 40, 254.Google Scholar
  37. Weichmann, J. (1986) The effect of controlled-atmosphere storage on the sensory and nutritional quality of fruits and vegetables. Hort. Rev., 8, 101–27.Google Scholar
  38. Yam, K.L., Haggar, P.E. and Lee, D.S. (1993) Modeling respiration of low CO2 tolerance produce using a closed system experiment. Foods Biotechnol., 2(1), 22–5.Google Scholar
  39. Yang, C.C. and Chinnan, M.S. (1988) Modeling the effect of O2 and CO2 on respiration and quality of stored tomatoes. Trans. ASAE, 31, 920–5.Google Scholar
  40. Zagory, D. and Kader, A.A. (1988) Modified atmosphere packaging of fresh produce. Food Technology, 42(9), 70–7.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

There are no affiliations available

Personalised recommendations