Interview with Charles Planck, Emergency Information Officer, CARE-USA, New York, November 9, 1992.
Interview with Robert Pringle, Office of Central African Affairs, U.S. Department of State, Carmel, CA, October 9, 1992.
The Challenges of Drought. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: The Relief and Rehabilitation Commission, 1985.
Larry Minear, Humanitarianism Under Siege: A Critical Review of Operation Lifeline Sudan. Trenton, NJ: Red Sea Press, 1991.
Larry Minear, Humanitarianism Under Siege.
Information from documents and interviews with personnel of 353rd Civil Affairs Command, New York, 1992.
Information from documents, and interviews with Colonel James Keltner, Commander, 351st Civil Affairs Command, Castro Valley, CA, 1992.
Interview with Robert Keesecker, Logistics Officer, OFDA, Washington, DC, November 26, 1992.
Americare ships relief aid to moscow, The Advocate, July 12, 1991, p. A14.
Gerald Seib, A private US group finds aiding hospitals in Ukraine isn’t easy. The Wall Street Journal, March 31, 1992, p. 1.
Interview with Lieutenant Colonel Michael Hess and Captain David Elmo, 353rd Civil Affairs Command, New York, November 7, 1992.
Situation in Drought-Affected Areas of Ethiopia-April, 1976. Addis Ababa, Ethiopia: Ethiopia Relief and Rehabilitation Commission, 1976.
Death by looting. The Economist, July 18, 1992, p. 41.
Wijkman and Timberlake, p. 113.
ICRC/League Policies in Emergency Situations. Geneva: International Committee of the Red Cross, 1992, pp. 9–11.
Packaging and Marking Specifications, Announcement M-14, for Purchase of Milled Rice for Use in Export Programs. Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service, USDA, Washington, DC, 1991.
Interview with Ann Stingle, international spokesperson, American Red Cross, San Francisco, CA, October 28, 1992.
Mary B. Anderson and Peter J. Woodrow, Rising From the Ashes: Development Strategies in Times of Disaster. San Francisco: Westview Press, 1989), p. 64.
Interview with Jack Godwin, Food for Peace—Burundi, San Francisco, CA, September 10, 1991.
Larry Minear, Humanitarianism Under Siege, p. 30.
Interview with LTC Michael Hess, 353rd Civil Affairs Command, New York, November 7, 1992.
Shahe Ouzounian, Southern Air Transport expands role in Africa. African Airlines, September/October 1992, p. 33.
Shahe Ouzounian, Southern Air Transport expands role in Africa.
Interview with David Palasites, Logistical Operations Manager, Catholic Relief Service, Baltimore, September 12, 1991.
Interview with Mila Manalansan, U.N. Department of Humanitarian Affairs, New York, November 23, 1992.
Interview with Jean-Marie Bouchet, Director, INTERFAIS, World Food Program, Geneva, November 16, 1992.
F. M. Deng and L. Minear (1992), Challenges of Famine Relief: Emergency Operations in the Sudan, Washington, DC: Brookings Institution, appendix 6.