Omega-3 Fatty Acids in Early Human Development

  • Joyce A. Nettleton


The question of whether ω3FA are essential nutrients in human development has been discussed in Chapter 1 and reviewed recently (Innis 1991; Nettleton 1993). Although existing data can be criticized for not being definitive or failing to demonstrate deficiency symptoms unequivocally, researchers active in this area are taking the position that ω3FA are essential for the optimum development of neural tissues in fetal development (Carlson and Salem 1991; Hoffman and Uauy 1992; Innis 1992). The most convincing data come from studies on premature infants and measurements in neural tissues. Measurement of red blood cell fatty acid composition and serum phospholipid fatty acids are important tools, as an indirect reflection of neural tissue composition and the availability of ωFA.


Fatty Acid Composition Breast Milk Human Milk Essential Fatty Acid Infant Formula 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Joyce A. Nettleton
    • 1
  1. 1.Institute of Food TechnologistsUSA

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