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Construction Surveying

  • Boyd L. Cardon
  • Edward G. Zimmerman

Abstract

Construction surveying operations comprise approximately 60% of all surveying work being performed and should be considered a definite specialty of the modern surveyor. Three basic objectives of construction surveying are (1) providing layout stakes, located both horizontally and vertically, that construction personnel can utilize in an accurate and efficient manner to position structures or earthwork projects; (2) ongoing replacement of layout stakes as a project progresses toward completion, along with periodic checking of projects to ensure compliance with design dimensions; and (3) providing a map at the completion of a project, showing the final project location and configuration, incorporating any changes or modifications in project design—an “as-built” map.

Keywords

Balance Line Side Slope Trial Point Road Width Vertical Alignment 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. Davis, R. E., F. S. Foote, J. M. Anderson, and E. M. Mikhail. 1981. Surveying Theory and Practice, 6th ed. New York: McGraw-Hill.Google Scholar
  2. Kavanagh, B. F., and S. J. Glenn Bird. 1992. Surveying, 3rd ed., Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.Google Scholar
  3. Meyer, C. F., and D. W. Gibson. 1980. Route Survey-ing and Design, 5th ed. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar
  4. Moffitt, F. H., and H. Bouchart. 1992. Surveying, 9th ed. New York: Harper-Collins.Google Scholar
  5. Wolf, P. R. and R. C. Brinker. 1994. Elementary Surveying, 8th ed. New York: Harper Collins.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Boyd L. Cardon
  • Edward G. Zimmerman

There are no affiliations available

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