Government enforced marketing orders have enabled growers to secure compulsory support for group action in marketing (Armbruster, Jesse, Nelson, Schafer, 1981). Under certain circumstances growers have needed to use the government authority provided by marketing orders to obtain greater participation in marketing programs. This chapter will discuss only federal marketing order legislation and programs even though legislation in California and several other states also authorizes marketing orders. The marketing order approach provides government authority to muster compulsory support for certain types of marketing activities provided a substantial proportion of the growers involved indicate their willingness to participate. Fruit and vegetable marketing order legislation does not permit the setting of prices directly, but the expectation is that returns will be stabilized or increased through such provisions as setting minimum standards for grades and sizes, regulating the flow to market, or raising money for advertising and promotion. The use of marketing orders for advertising and promotion will be discussed in a subsequent chapter.
KeywordsCommodity Price Market Order Fresh Market Primary Market Reserve Pool
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