Wave Analysis for the Acoustic Microscope
The acoustic microscope, which utilizes focused ultrasound at hundreds of megahertz or even a few gigahertz, can have comparable wavelength and therefore resolution with the optical microscope since the velocity of ultrasound is five orders lower than that of light in fluid media [1, 2]. Since the appearance of the first acoustic microscope , extensive research has been devoted to its applications in the nondestructive testing of materials. With this instrument high contrast micrographs can be obtained which contain unique information not available in other imaging tools and the elastic properties of optically opaque materials can be determined. It is particularly suitable for detecting surface and subsurface defects in metal and ceramic materials and for examining integrated circuits and biological cells.
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