Advertisement

Muscle, Cutaneous and Joint Receptors in Kinaesthesia

  • D. Ian McCloskey

Summary

What was the “muscular sense” to Sherrington was later the “joint sense”, when it became the conventional wisdom that muscles are “insentient”. These terms betray a view, still common in the field, that the basis of kinaesthetic sensibility must be either joint receptors or muscle receptors, but not both. However, the demonstrations that established that muscle receptors do have a role in kinaesthesia were not demonstrations that joint receptors play no part. Indeed, there have been specific demonstrations of kinaesthetic roles for joint receptors. It is clear that both muscle and joint receptors can be involved in giving specific kinaesthetic sensations, and that there is probably considerable redundancy between them. Furthermore, some cutaneous receptors give signals that could be the basis of quite good kinaesthetic performance, although there is not yet strong evidence of their being used for this. Apart from specific kinaesthetic roles for each receptor class, there is evidence of mutual facilitation between the submodalities. Sometimes this facilitation appears to be of a non-specific kind as seen for example in the dependence of kinaesthesia in the fingers upon cutaneous inputs.

Keywords

Middle Finger Muscle Spindle Muscle Afferents Cutaneous Afferents Muscle Receptor 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. Amassian, V.E. and Berlin L. (1958). Early cortical projection of Group I afferents in the forelimb muscle nerves of cat. Journal of Physiology 143, 61P.Google Scholar
  2. Burke, D., Gandevia, S.C. and Macefield, G. (1988). Responses to passive movement of receptors in joint, skin and muscle of the human hand. Journal of Physiology 402: 347–361.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  3. Burke, D., Hagbarth, K-E., Löfstedt, L., and Wallin, B.G. (1976) The responses of human muscle spindle endings to vibration of non-contracting muscles. Journal of Physiology 261, 673–694.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  4. Clark, F.J., Horch, K.W. and Bach, S.M. and Larson, G.F. (1979). Contributions of cutaneous and joint receptors to static knee position sense in man. Journal of Neurophysiology 42, 877–888.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  5. Edin, B.B. and Abbs, J.H. (1991). Finger movement responses of cutaneous mechanoreceptors in the dorsal skin of the human hand. Journal of Neurophysiology 65, 657–670.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  6. Ferrell, W.R., Gandevia, S.C. and McCloskey, D.I. (1987). The role of joint receptors in human kinaesthesia when intramuscular receptors cannot contribute. Journal of Physiology 386, 63–71.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  7. Gandevia, S.C, Hall, L A. and McCloskey, D.I. and Potter, E.K. (1983). Proprioceptive sensation at the terminal joint of the middle finger. Journal of Physiology 355, 507–517.Google Scholar
  8. Gandevia, S.C. and McCloskey, D.I. (1976). Joint sense, and their combination as position sense measured at the distal interphalangeal joint of the middle finger. Journal of Physiology 260, 387–407.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  9. Gelfan, S. and Carter, S. (1967). Muscle sense in man. Experimental Neurology 18, 473–496.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. Goodwin, G. M. (1976). The sense of limb position and movement. Exercise Sport Science Review 4, 87–124.Google Scholar
  11. Goodwin, G. M., and McCloskey, D. I. and Matthews, P.B.C. (1972). The contribution of muscle afferent to kinaesthesia shown by vibration induced illusions of movement and by the effects of paralysing joint afferents. Brain 95, 705–748.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  12. Hulliger, M., Nordh, E. and Thelin, A-E. and Vallbo, Å.B. (1979). The responses of afferent fibres from the glabrous skin of the hand during voluntary finger movements in man. Journal of Physiology 291, 233–249.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  13. John, K.T., Goodwin, A.W. and Darian-Smith, I. (1989). Tactile discrimination of thickness. Experimental Brain Research 78, 62–68.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. Knibestöl, M. (1975). Stimulus response functions of slowly adapting mechanoreceptors in the human glabrous skin area. Journal of Physiology 243, 63–80.Google Scholar
  15. McCloskey, D.I. (1978) Kinaesthetic sensibility. Physiological Reviews 58, 763–820.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  16. McCloskey, D.I., Cross, M.J., Honner. R. and Potter, E. K. (1983). Sensory effects of pulling or vibrating exposed tendons in man. Brain 106, 21–37.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  17. Matthews, P.B.C.Muscle afferents and kinaesthesia. (1977). British Medical Bulletin 33, 137–142.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  18. Matthews, P.B.C. (1988). Proprioceptors and their contribution to somatosensory mapping: complex messages require complex processing. Canadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology 66, 403–43CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. Moberg, E. (1972) Fingers were made before forks. Hand 4, 201–206.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. Moberg, E. (1983) The role of cutaneous afferents in position sense, kinaesthesia and motor function of the hand. Brain 106, 1–19.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. Oscarsson, O. and Rosen, I. (1963). Projection to cerebral cortex of large muscle-spindle afferents in forelimb nerves of the cat. Journal of Physiology 169, 924–945.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  22. Phillips, C. G., Powell, T.P.S. and Wiesendanger, M. (1971). Projection from low threshold muscle afferents of hand and forearm to area 3a of baboon’s cortex. Journal of Physiology 217, 419–446.PubMedGoogle Scholar
  23. Roll, J.P. and Vedel, J.P. (1982). Kinaesthetic role of muscle afferents in man, studied by tendon vibration and microneurography. Experimental Brain Research 47, 177–190.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. Sherrington, C.S. (1900) The muscular sense. In Text-Book of Physiology, vol. 2, ed. Schäfer, E.A., pp 1002–1025, Young J. Pentland, Edinburgh.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • D. Ian McCloskey
    • 1
  1. 1.Prince of Wales Medical Research InstituteRandwick, SydneyAustralia

Personalised recommendations