Induction of Immune Responses in the Bovine Mammary Gland

  • Julie L. Fitzpatrick


Mammary gland infections of cattle adversely influence animal welfare, food quality and the profitability of dairy farming. Improved understanding of local immune responses in the udder may lead to better prophylaxis against mastitis. Normal milk from dairy cows contains approximately 2x105 cells/ml and cells of the monocyte/macrophage series are the major type in mammary secretions for most of the lactational cycle. In addition to their phagocytic role in the mammary gland, mammary macrophages express major histocompatability complex (MHC) class II antigens and may, therefore, be one cell type involved in local presentation of antigen to T lymphocytes. The epithelium of the bovine mammary gland is the first tissue to become exposed to bacteria following invasion of the teat duct in the early stages of mammary gland infections, however the potential role of mammary epithelium in regulating immune responses in the udder is unknown.


Mammary Gland Dairy Farming Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Major Histocompatability Complex Bovine Mammary Gland 
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  1. Fitzpatrick, J.L., Cripps, P.J., Hill, W.W., Bland P.W. and Stokes, C.R., 1992, MHC class II expression in the bovine mammary gland. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 32:13.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  2. Fitzpatrick, J.L., Mayer, S.J., Vilela, C., Bland P.W. and Stokes, C.R., 1994, Cytokine induced major histocompatibility complex class II expression in the bovine mammary gland. J. Dairy Sci., in press.Google Scholar
  3. Fitzpatrick, J.L., Williams, N.A., Bailey, M., Bland P.W. and Stokes C.R., 1994, Presentation of soluble and bacterial antigens by milk-derived cells to unprimed bovine T cells in vitro. Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol., in press.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Julie L. Fitzpatrick
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Veterinary MedicineUniversity of Glasgow Veterinary SchoolBearsden, GlasgowUK

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