Epidemiology of Anticarcinogens in Food

  • Lenore Kohlmeier
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 369)

Abstract

Ever since Doll and Peto suggested that up to 70% of all cancers might be related to our diet, there has been a mad dash to try to discover exactly what components of our diet and which active ingredients are acting where and how to affect carcinogenesis. The cancers considered to be nutritionally related include not only the cancers of the gastrointestinal tract, but also those of the reproductive organs and the lung. Initially, interest was focused on how diet causes cancer. More recent research is focusing on exploration of the ways in which diet can prevent cancer. Epidemiologic research remains the most powerful tool in understanding of the role of nutrition in the etiology of cancer in human populations. The challenges of this field of research include the problems of measurement error, exposure-disease lag times, collinearity and weak associations.

Keywords

Estrogen Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Selenium Enzymatic Degradation Estradiol 

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Lenore Kohlmeier
    • 1
  1. 1.Departments of Nutrition and Epidemiology, School of Public Health and School of MedicineUniversity of North Carolina at Chapel HillChapel HillUSA

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