Advertisement

Exercise, Stress and Mucosal Immunity in Elite Swimmers

  • M. Gleeson
  • W. A. McDonald
  • A. W. Cripps
  • D. B. Pyne
  • R. L. Clancy
  • P. A. Fricker
  • J. H. Wlodarczyk
Part of the Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology book series (AEMB, volume 371)

Abstract

Elite athletes have been reported to be susceptible to upper respiratory tract infections (URTI), particularly during the period immediately prior to major competitions.1 Studies of the effects of exercise on immune parameters have shown that alterations in systemic immunity and cytokine levels are related to the intensity of the exercise and fitness of the athlete.2 In elite athletes decreases in salivary IgA levels have been observed following intense endurance exercise3,4 but it is not clear whether the changes are associated with an increased incidence of URTI.5 Psychological stress has also been shown to decrease salivary IgA levels,6 but the relevance of this observation to the immune fitness following fatiguing exercise is unclear. This prospective study assessed the impact of long term exercise (physical stress) and psychological stress on systemic and mucosal immunity and the relationship to URTI in a cohort of elite swimmers.

Keywords

Elite Athlete Stress Score Throat Swab Coulter Electronics Elite Swimmer 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

Preview

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

References

  1. 1.
    J. Weidemann, et al, Today’s Life Sci. 4 (7): 24 (1992).Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    L. Fitzgerald, et al, Immunol Today 9: 337 (1988).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    T. B. Tomasi, et al, Clin. Immunol 2: 173 (1982).CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    L. T. Mackinnon, et al, Sports Training Med. Rehab. 1: 1 (1989).Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    L. T. Mackinnon, et al, In: Behaviour and Immunity. Ed. A J Husband p. 169. (1992).Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    J. B. Jemmott, et al, Lancet. i: 1400 (1983).Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    M. Gleeson, et al, Aust. N. Z. J. Med. 12: 255 (1982).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  8. 8.
    H. L. Butt, et al, Pathology 20: 253 (1988).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    C. D. Spielberger, et al, In: Manual for State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, Consulting Psychologists Press Inc, California. (1983).Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    D. B. Pyne et al, Excel 5: 9 (1988).Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    M. Gleeson, et al, Scand J. Immunol 33: 533 (1991).PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • M. Gleeson
    • 2
  • W. A. McDonald
    • 1
  • A. W. Cripps
    • 2
  • D. B. Pyne
    • 1
  • R. L. Clancy
    • 2
  • P. A. Fricker
    • 1
  • J. H. Wlodarczyk
  1. 1.Australian Institute of SportCanberraAustralia
  2. 2.Hunter Immunology Unit, Hunter Area Pathology Service and Faculty of MedicineUniversity of NewcastleNewcastleAustralia

Personalised recommendations