The Formation of the Visual and the Postural Vertical

  • H. Mittelstaedt


This contribution summarizes the extant facts on the causal processing of the perceived orientation of the visual field and one’s own body to the vertical, the conclusions derived from them and the hypotheses evoked by, as well as the theories developed from these findings. Due to limitations of space the evidence which supports them cannot be detailed here, but may be found at especially cited places of the literature.


Tilt Angle Motion Sickness Head Tilt Subjective Visual Vertical Renal Nerve 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • H. Mittelstaedt
    • 1
  1. 1.Max-Planck-Institut für VerhaltensphysiologieSeewiesenGermany

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