Complexity in Biology

The Point of View of a Physicist
  • Giorgio Parisi


In recent years many progresses have been done in understanding the behaviour of complex systems from the physical point of view (Mézard, 1987, Parisi, 1992) and now we can start to reflect on the possible applications of these findings in a biological setting.


Boolean Network Macroscopic Behaviour Real Computer Word Complex Macroscopic Description 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. Amit, D. J., 1989, Modeling Brain Functions, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge.Google Scholar
  2. Denker, J., Schwartz, D., Wittner, B., Solla, S., Horward, S., Jackel, L. and Hopfield, J.,J., 1987, “Automatic learning”, Complex Systems, 1, 877–888.Google Scholar
  3. Carnevali, P. and Patarnello, S., 1987, “Boolean Networks which Learn to Compute”, Europhys. Lett., 4, 1199–1204.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. Hopfield, J.,J., 1982, “Neural networks and physical systems with emergent collective computational abilities”, Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA, 79, 2554–2558.PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. Iori, G., Marinari, E. and Parisi, G., 1991, “Random Self-Interacting Chains: a Mechanism for Protein Folding”, J. Phys. A (Math. Gen.), 24, 5349.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. Mézard, M., Parisi, G. and Virasoro, M. A., 1987, Spin glass theory and beyond, World Scientific, Singapore.Google Scholar
  7. Parisi, G., 1992, Order, Disorder and Simulations, World Scientific, Singapore.Google Scholar
  8. Peliti, L. and Vulpiani, A. (eds.), 1988, Measures of Complexity, Springer-Verlag, Berlin.Google Scholar
  9. Seung, H. S., Sompolinsky, H. and Tishby, N., 1991, “Statistical Mechanics of Learning from Examples”, Phys. Rev. A., 33, 1978–1982.Google Scholar
  10. Shaknovich, E.,I. and Gutin, A.,M., 1989, “The Nonergodic (Spin Glass Like) Phase of Heteropolymer with Quenched Disordered Sequence of Links”, Europhys. Lett., 8, 327–332.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Giorgio Parisi
    • 1
  1. 1.Dipartimento di Fisica and Istitituto Nazionale di Fisica NucleareUniversità di Roma “La Sapienza”RomeItaly

Personalised recommendations