Tobacco Effects, Bronchial Hyperreactivity and Chronic Airflow Obstruction on Bronchoalveolar Lavage (BAL)

  • R. Bilancia
  • R. Chianese
  • E. Spampani
  • G. Cantacessi
  • P. Roselli
  • A. Quaranta
  • E. Gramiccioni

Abstract

It is known that bronchoscopy (FBS), with pertinent examination methods, is considered useful to diagnose many respiratory pathologies. Particularly, BAL is considered an important additional method to FBS, much used in diagnosis, because of its rapidity of execution, absence of important side effects and good tolerability (1) (2). During BAL it is possible that an insufficient recovery of lavage fluid occurs, particularly in patients suffering from COPD, for many causes (degree of bronchial obstruction, bronchial hyperreactivity [BH], mucus and its reology characteristics, mucosal oedema, bronchial malacia) as eventual in COPD suffering patients (3) (4) (5).

Keywords

Permeability Lidocaine Karen 

References

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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • R. Bilancia
    • 1
  • R. Chianese
    • 1
  • E. Spampani
    • 1
  • G. Cantacessi
    • 1
  • P. Roselli
    • 1
  • A. Quaranta
    • 1
  • E. Gramiccioni
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Respiratory DiseasesUniversity of BariBariItaly

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