Molecular Organization of Polystyrene and Polymethylmethacrylate with Fluorocarbon Side Chains

  • Sergei Sheiko
  • Alexei Turetskii
  • Jens Höpken
  • Martin Möller


Polystyrene and polymethylmethacrylate with perfluoroalkyl side chains, F(CF2)n(СН2)m have been prepared and studied with respect to structure formation and utilization for oil and water repellent coatings. As the length of the side chains exceeds n=4 and m=2, the polymers crystallize in bilayers which itself form a multilayered structure. Solution casting yielded spontaneous assembling of the bilayers parallel to the substrate plane and gave laminate coatings. Very low critical surface tension values were determined by dynamic contact angle measurements. IR absorption and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy revealed a highly ordered layer of fluorocarbon segments at the air/polymer interface. This is consistent with scanning force microscopy measurements showing a surface formed by regularly packed CF3-groups. Anisotropic variations of the linear spacing in directions parallel and perpendicular to the layers were detected by X-ray diffraction measurements at elevated temperatures and upon a glass transition.


Substrate Plane Dynamic Contact Angle Linear Expansion Coefficient Hydrocarbon Polymer Wide Angle Reflection 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Kissa, E. “Fluorinated Surfactants, Synthesis - Properties - Applications”, Marcel Dekker, New York, 1984Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Fox, H.W.; Zisman W.A. J. Colloid Sci. 1952, 7, 109.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  3. 3.
    Kobayashi, H.; Owen, M.J. Macromolecules 1990, 23, 4929.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Jonson, R.E.,Jr.; Dettre, R.H. Polym. Prepr. (Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Polym. Chem.) 1987, 28, 48.Google Scholar
  5. 5.
    Sneider, J.; Erdelen, C.; Ringsdorf, H.; Rabolt, J.F. Macromolecules 1989, 22, 3475.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  6. 6.
    Höpken, J.; Möller, M. Macromolecules 1992, 25, 1461.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  7. 7.
    Höpken, J.; Sheiko, S.; Czech, J.; Möll, M. Polym. Prepr. (Am. Chem. Soc., Div. Polym. Chem.), 937.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Katano, Y.; Tomono, H.; Nakajima, T. Macromolecules 1994, 27, 2342.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    Höpken, J.; Möller, M. Macromolecules 1992, 25, 2482.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  10. 10.
    Russel, T.P.; Rabolt, J.F.; Twieg, R.J.; Siemens, R.L.; Farmer, B.L. Macromolecules 1986, 19, 1135.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  11. 11.
    Viney, C.; Russel, T.P.; Depero, L.E.; Twieg, R.J. Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.1989, 168, 63.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Mahler, W.; Guillon, D.; Skoulios, A. Mol. Cryst. Lig. Cryst. 1985, 2,11.Google Scholar
  13. 13.
    Höpken, J.; Faulstich S., Möller, M. Mol. Cryst. Liq. Cryst.1992, 210, 59.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. 14.
    Smith, L.; Doule, C.; Gregoris, D.E.; Andrade, J.D. J. Appl. Polym. Sci. 1982, 26,1269.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  15. 15.
    Bunn, C. W.; Howells, E. R. Nature, 1954, 18, 549; Schwichert, H.; Kimmig, М.; Str0bl, G.; J. Chem. Phys. 1991, 95, 2800.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Lermann, E.; Sheiko, S.; Möller,M. Structure and Phase behaviour of Perfluorododecyleicosane (in preparation).Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    according to cosΘ = -1 + 2(γs d)1/2γ1 -l/2, withγs d = dispersive surface energy of the solid, andγ1 = surface tension of the wetting liquid; Fowkes, F. M. J. Phys. Chem., 1962, 66, 382.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. 18.
    Shafrin, E.G.; Zisman, W.A. J. Phys. Chem. 1960, 64, 519.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  19. 19.
    Dann, J.R. J. Colloid Interface Sci., 1970, 32, 302.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  20. 20.
    Rabolt, J.F.; Fanconi, B. Macromolecules, 1978, 11, 140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  21. 21.
    Campos-Vallete, M.; Rey-Lafon, M.; J. Mol. Struct.1983, 101, 23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  22. 22.
    Chidsey, C.E.D.; Loiacono, D.N. Langmuir 1990, 6, 682.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Magonov, S.N.; Kempf, S.; Kinxmig, M.; Cantow, H.-J. Polym. Bulletin 1991, 26, 715.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Wittmann, J.C.; Lotz, B. Prog. Polym. Sci., 1990, 15, 90.CrossRefGoogle Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Sergei Sheiko
    • 1
  • Alexei Turetskii
    • 2
  • Jens Höpken
    • 3
  • Martin Möller
    • 1
  1. 1.Organische Chemie III/Makromolekulare ChemieUniversität UlmGermany
  2. 2.Karpov Institute of Physical ChemistryMoscowRussia
  3. 3.CIBA-GEIGY LtdBaselSwitzerland

Personalised recommendations