Application of Behavioral Economic Principles to Treatment of Childhood Obesity
Obesity is a prevalent problem in childhood (Gortmaker, Dietz, Sobol, & Wehler, 1987), which increases the risk of adult obesity (Stark, Atkins, Wolff, & Douglas, 1981, Abraham, Collins, & Nordsieck, 1971), as well as adult morbidity and mortality (Must, Jacques, Dallal, Bajema, & Dietz, 1992,Nieto, Szklo, & Comstock, 1992). Behavioral treatment procedures have been used with considerable success in treating childhood obesity. Behavioral procedures have been shown to be superior to both no treatment (Epstein, Wing, Koeske, & Valoski, 1984; Israel, Stolmaker, Sharp, Silverman, & Simon, 1984, Kirschenbaum, Harris, & Tomarken, 1984) and attention placebo (Epstein, Wing, Steranchak, Dickson, & Michelson, 1980; Epstein, Wing, Woodall, Penner, Kress, & Koeske, 1985) controls for short term weight control, and behavioral treatments have been successful in maintaining treatment effects over five and then year intervals (Epstein, Valoski, Wing, & McCurley, 1990, Epstein, Valoski, Wing, & McCurley, 1993).
KeywordsSedentary Behavior Obese Child Vigorous Activity Exercise Behavior Behavioral Economic
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