Taxonomy and Phylogeny of Moderately Halophilic Bacteria

  • Antonio Ventosa
Part of the Federation of European Microbiological Societies Symposium Series book series (FEMS, volume 75)


Halobacteria are a group of procaryotes very well adapted to live in environments with high salinities. In fact, they grow optimally in media with 15 to 25% NaCl and are able to grow at saturated salt concentrations (Rodriguez-Valera, 1988; Kushner and Kamekura, 1988). They are grouped in the order Halobacteriales, in the family Halobacteriaceae, and currently species are included in six different genera: Halobacterium, Haloarcula, Haloferax, Halococcus, Natronobacterium and Natronococcus (Grant and Larsen, 1989). Phylogenetically, halobacteria are included within the archaebacteria (Domain Archaea), most closely related to methanogens (Woese, 1987; Woese et al., 1990). However, in hypersaline environments, in addition to halobacteria, several other procaryotes which show haloadaptation can be observed. They are usually found in media of intermediate salinities, and are designated as moderate halophiles.


Halophilic Bacterium Great Salt Lake Hypersaline Environment Purple Sulfur Bacterium Cellular Fatty Acid Composition 
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© Springer Science+Business Media New York 1994

Authors and Affiliations

  • Antonio Ventosa
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Microbiology and Parasitology Faculty of PharmacyUniversity of SevillaSevillaSpain

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