Analysis of Mid-Tropospheric Carbon Monoxide Data Using a Three-Dimensional Global Atmospheric Chemistry Numerical Model
Carbon monoxide is an important atmospheric trace species. It has long been recognized as a major contributor to urban air quality and in high concentrations is known to adversely affect health (Seinfeld, 1986). CO is the third most abundant carbon-containing species in the atmosphere and its reaction with hydroxyl radical (OH) represents a 2000–3000 Tg/yr (1 Tg = 1012 g) source of carbon dioxide. On a global basis, through its reaction with OH, CO plays a significant role in the troposphere’s overall oxidative capacity (Crutzen and Zimmerman, 1991). Furthermore, depending on the local abundance of nitrogen oxides, CO can participate in reactions that either increase or decrease the formation of tropospheric ozone (Logan et al., 1981).
KeywordsBiomass Burning Mixed Layer Depth Convective Cloud Cloud Base Southern Indian Ocean
Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.
- Carmichael, G. R.,1979, Development of a regional transport/transformation/removal model for SO2 and sulfate in the eastern United States, Ph.D. dissertation, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.Google Scholar
- Connors, V. S., Cahoon, D. R., Reichle, H. G., Brunke, E.-G., Garstang, M., Seiler, W., and Scheel, H. E., 1991, Savanna burning and convective mixing in southern Africa: Implications for CO emissions and transport, in “Global Biomass Burning: Atmospheric, Climatic, and Biospheric Implications”, J. S. Levine, ed., MIT Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts, 147–159.Google Scholar
- Crutzen, P. and Zimmerman, P.,1991, The changing chemistry of the troposphere, Tellus, 43AB:136–151.Google Scholar
- DeHaven, D. A., 1980, CO and CH4 sources and their effects on the CO-CH4 budgets, M.S. Thesis, University of Kentucky, Lexington, Kentucky.Google Scholar
- Kitada, T. and Peters, L. K., 1982, A three-dimensional transport-chemistry analysis of CO and CH4 in the troposphere, in “AMS Second Symposium on the Composition of the Nonurban Troposphere”, Williamsburg, Virginia, 96–101.Google Scholar
- Luecken, D. J., Berkowitz, C. M., Bader, D. C., Vukovich, F. M., and Glatzmeir, G. C., 1989, The role of fair weather cumulus clouds in the long range transport of carbon monoxide and methane, American Geophysical Union Spring Meeting, Baltimore, Maryland.Google Scholar
- Reichle, H. G., Connors, V. S., Holland, J. A., Hypes, W. D., Wallio, H. A., Casas, J. C., Gormsen, B.B., Saylor, M. S., and Hesketh, W. D., 1986, Middle and upper tropospheric carbon monoxide mixing ratios as measured by a satellite-borne remote sensor during November 1981, J. Geophys. Res., 91:10865–10887.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
- Saylor, R. D., and Peters, L. K., 1990, The contribution of anthropogenic emissions to the global distribution of CO in the troposphere, Symposium on the Chemistry of the Global Atmosphere, Commission on Atmospheric Chemistry and Global Pollution, Chamrousse, France.Google Scholar
- Saylor, R. D., and Peters, L. K., 1991, The global numerical simulation of the distribution of CO in the troposphere, “Air Pollution Modeling and Its Application VIII”, H. van Dop and D. G. Steyneds., Plenum Press, New York, 485–496.Google Scholar
- Seiler, W., and Conrad, R., 1987, Contribution of tropical ecosystems to the global budget of trace gases, especially CH4, H2, CO and N2O, in “The Geophysiology of Amazonia”, R.E. Dickinson, ed., John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
- Seinfeld, J., 1986, “Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics of Air Pollution”, John Wiley & Sons, New York.Google Scholar
- Warneck, P., 1988, “Chemistry of the Natural Atmosphere”, Academic Press, New York.Google Scholar