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Abstract

Water is the medium in which aquaculture is conducted, and much has been written about water supply, water quality, and water quality management for aquaculture ponds. Soil also is a key factor in aquaculture, but much less attention is given to soil condition than to water supply and water quality. Most ponds are built from and in soil. Many dissolved and suspended substances in water are derived from contact with soil. Pond bottom soils are the storehouse for many substances that accumulate in pond ecosystems, and chemical and biological processes occurring in surface layers of pond soils influence water quality and aquacultural production. An understanding of soil properties and the reactions and processes in soils can be useful in pond aquaculture.

Keywords

Pond Water Anaerobic Respiration Aquacultural Production Pond Aquaculture Bottom Soil 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.

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References

  1. 1.
    Toth, S. J., and R. F. Smith. 1960. Soil over which water flow affects ability to grow fish. New Jersey Agriculture 42:5–11.Google Scholar
  2. 2.
    Boyd, C. E. Water Quality in Ponds for Aquaculture. 1990. Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Ala.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Banerjea, S. M. 1967. Water quality and soil condition of fish ponds in some states of India in relation to fish production. Indian J. Fish. 14:113–144.Google Scholar
  4. 4.
    Yoo, K. H., and C. E. Boyd. Hydrology and Water Supply for Aquaculture. 1994. Chapman & Hall, New York.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Hajek, B. F., and C. E. Boyd. 1994. Rating soil and water information for aquaculture. Aquacultural Eng. 13:115–128.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
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    Arce, R. G., and C. E. Boyd. Water Chemistry of Alabama Ponds. 1980. Bulletin 522, Alabama Agricultural Experiment Station, Auburn University, Ala.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 1995

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claude E. Boyd
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Fisheries and Allied AquaculturesAuburn UniversityUSA

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