Echocardiographic Diagnosis of Acute Allograft Rejection

  • Nadia Giannetti
  • Hannah A. Valantine


The “gold-standard” for detection of allograft rejection is the right ventricularendomyocardial biopsy, sampled on a regular basis particularly during the first yearafter transplantation. Individual patients routinely have more than 10 biopsies in thefirst year alone. Endomyocardial biopsies are expensive, time-consuming and not 100% sensitive since sampling error may occur. These limitations have createda need for developing an inexpensive, non-invasive methods to assess the entireallograft for rejection and to follow its response to therapy


Diastolic Function Acute Rejection Left Ventricular Mass Allograft Rejection Endomyocardial Biopsy 
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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Nadia Giannetti
    • 1
  • Hannah A. Valantine
    • 1
  1. 1.Division of Cardiovascular MedicineStanford UniversityStanfordUSA

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