Human Exposure and Fate

  • A K D Liem
  • C E J Cuijpers
  • M J Zeilmaker


Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs) are chemicals that are resistant towards photolytic, chemical and biological degradation. The introduction of these chemicals into the environment has resulted in their accumulation in soils, sediments, and in human and ecological foodchains, where they can induce toxic effects in humans and ecosystems. Organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) such as l,l-bis(p-chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethane (DDT) and its metabolites, hexachlorobenzene (HCB), (β-hexachlorocyclohexane (β-HCH) and isomers, and industrial chemicals or byproducts such as polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins (PCDDs) and polychlorinated dibenzofurans (PCDFs) are well-known examples of POPs. The concern about the possible risks of human exposure to these compounds by the consumption of food has led to research programmes worldwide to investigate their sources and occurrence, and the health risks associated with background and elevated exposures to these compounds.


Dietary Intake Human Milk Persistent Organic Pollutant Human Exposure Organochlorine Pesticide 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


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Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • A K D Liem
  • C E J Cuijpers
  • M J Zeilmaker

There are no affiliations available

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