Theoriginal Monograph on objective self-awareness (Duval & Wicklund, 1972) concluded with arguments against “dispositional self-awareness.” It is thus ironic that a large ancillary literature exists on “public and private self-consciousness,” first proposed by Fenigstein, Scheier, and Buss (1975) as an individual-differences approach to self-awareness. These scales have been enormously popular, as shown by past reviews (Buss, 1980; Carver & Scheier, 1981; Scheier & Carver, 1983a; Wells & Matthews, 1994). In this chapter we take a close look at the conceptual and empirical foundations of this work.
KeywordsCausal Attribution Mortality Salience Private Effect Small Mirror Conformity Pressure
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