Combating Poverty with Plants

  • Dov Pasternak


Desertification, meaning the process of loss of soil fertility in the semiarid and in the dry sub-humid regions of the world, is not a new development. Rather it is a phenomenon which has been with us for hundreds and thousands of years. In the past, as is the case today, it was caused by both climatic changes and human interference.


Semiarid Region Human Interference Rural Sector Rainfed Agriculture Date Fruit 
These keywords were added by machine and not by the authors. This process is experimental and the keywords may be updated as the learning algorithm improves.


Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.

Unable to display preview. Download preview PDF.


  1. 1.
    Abu-Al-Fatah, I.M. (1983).Balanites aegyptiaca.: an unutilized raw material potential ready for agro-industrial exploitation. UNDP Report TF/INT/77/021, Vienna.Google Scholar
  2. Aubreville, A. Climats, Forêts, et Desertification de L'Afrique Tropicale,. Société des Editions Geographiques, Maritimes et Coloniales. Paris, 255 p.Google Scholar
  3. 3.
    Bationo, A. (1993).The effect of crop residue and fertilizer use on pearl millet yields in Niger. Fertilizer research, 34:251–258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  4. 4.
    Condom, D. (1999).Salinization, alkalinzation and sodification in Punjab (Pakistan): characterization of the geochemical and physical processes of degradation. Land degradation and development. 10:123–140.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  5. 5.
    Critchley, W.R.S., Reij, C.P., and Turner, S. (1992).Soil and water conservation in sub-saharan Africa. Towards sustainable production by the rural poor. A report prepared for IFAD by the Center for Development Cooperation Services, Free University, Amsterdam. Printed in the Netherlands by GCA, Amsterdam, 110 pp.Google Scholar
  6. 6.
    Dregne, H.E. (1986).Desertification of arid lands. In: Physics of Desertification. F. El-Baz and M.H.A. Hassan, editors. Martinus Nijhoff Publisers, Dordrecht, The Netherlands.Google Scholar
  7. 7.
    Dumont, R. (1986).Pour L'Afrique, j’ accuse. Paris Plan, collection Terre humaine, 448 pp.Google Scholar
  8. 8.
    Dwivedi, R. S. (1994).Study of salinity and waterlogging in Uttar Pradesh (India) using remote sensing data. Land Degradation and rehabilitation 5: 191–199.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  9. 9.
    El Swaify, W., Arunin, S., and Abrol, I. (1983).Development of salt affected soils. In, Natural Systems for Development, What Planners Need to know. P.W. Jordan and R. Jensen, editors. MacMillan, New York p. 162–228.Google Scholar
  10. 10.
    FAO - UNESCO (1994).Soil map of the world. Revised legend with corrections. Technical paper No. 20, ISRIC, Wageningen, 139 pp.Google Scholar
  11. 11.
    Fuentes, E.R. (1978).Interacciones hombre-clima en la desertificacion del Norte Chico chileno. Ciencia e investigacion agraria 5: 137–142.Google Scholar
  12. 12.
    Hoogmoed, W.B. and Strossnijder, L. (1984).Crust formation on sandy soils in the Sahel. I. Rainfall and infiltration, Soil and Tillage Research 4: 5–23.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  13. 13.
    Hosny, M., Khalifa, T., Calis I., Wright, D.A. and Sticher, O. (1992).Balanitoside, A furostanol glycoside, and 6-methyl-dioseginin from Balanites aegyptiaca. Phytochemistry, 31:3565–3569.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  14. IPGRI - International Plant Genetic Resources Institute Regional Office for the Americas. Cali, Columbia. Map of “The Plant Diversity Belt”.Google Scholar
  15. 15.
    Issar, S.A. (1995).Impacts of climate variations on water management and related Socioeconomic Systems. Technical Documents in Hydrology. IHP-UNESCO, Sc. 95/ws 26, 97 pp.Google Scholar
  16. 16.
    Issar, S.A. and Nativ, R. (1988).Water beneath deserts; key to the past, resource for the present. Episodes, 2: 256–261.Google Scholar
  17. 17.
    Jacobsen, T. and Adams, R.M. (1958).Salt and silt in ancient Mesopotamian agriculture. Science 128: 1251–1258.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  18. Klotaykov, V.M. The Aral Sea basin a critical environmental zone. Environment 33: 4–9.Google Scholar
  19. 19.
    Lallement, D. (1986).Prospects for rainfed agriculture in arid and semiarid areas of West Africa. World Bank Symposium paper/dr 1/2. 14.81 to Washington, D.C.Google Scholar
  20. 20.
    Leisinger, K.M. and Schmitt, K. (1995).Survival in the Sahel. An ecological and development challenge. International Service for National Agricultural Research (ISNAR) ISBN 9 2–9118–020–3. 211pp.Google Scholar
  21. 21.
    Mando, A. (1997).The role of termites and mulch in the rehabilitation of crusted Sahelian soils. Tropical Resource Management Papers ISSM 0926–9495 NO. 16, 100 pp.Google Scholar
  22. 22.
    Morin, J. (1993)Rainfall analysis for tillage managements decisions. Soil and Tillage Research 27: 241–252.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  23. 23.
    Puigdefábregas, J. and Mendizabal, T. (1998).Perspectives on desertification:western Mediterranean. J. Arid Zones 39:209–224.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  24. 24.
    Sasson, A. (1990) Feeding Tomorrow's World. UNESCO publication, Paris ISBN 92-3-102083-8 805 pp.Google Scholar
  25. 25.
    Soriano, A. (1986).Erosion y desertizacion en la Patagonia. Intersciencia 11: 77–83.Google Scholar
  26. 26.
    Vashishta, B.B., (1997)Ziziphusfor drylands - a perennial crop solving perennial problems. Agroforestry Today, 9:10–12.Google Scholar
  27. 27.
    Walsh, J. (1984)Sahel will suffer even if rains come. Science (Washington, D.C.,) 224, p. 1415.CrossRefGoogle Scholar
  28. 28.
    Werbner, R. (1984).Land Reform in the Making: Tradition, Public Policy and ideology in Botswana. Rex Collins, London.Google Scholar
  29. 29.
    World Bank, (1989).Sub Saharan Africa: from crisis to sustainable growth: a long-term perspective study. Washington, D.C. U.S.A. 300 pp.Google Scholar
  30. 30.
    World Bank, (1994a)World Tables Google Scholar
  31. 31.
    World Bank (1994b) Social Indicators of Wealth.Google Scholar

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2001

Authors and Affiliations

  • Dov Pasternak
    • 1
  1. 1.The Institutes for Applied ResearchBen-Gurion University of the NegevBeer-ShevaIsrael

Personalised recommendations